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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the continued efficacy and safety of alendronate (ALN) for up to 2 years in patients receiving glucocorticoids. METHODS This is a 12-month extension of a previously completed 1-year trial of daily ALN, performed to evaluate the effects of ALN over a total of 2 years in 66 men and 142 women continuing to receive at least 7.5 mg of(More)
The prevalence of autoantibodies of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) classes directed against myeloma immunoglobulin E (IgE) were determined in distinct subsets of urticaria, using an enzyme immunoassay. IgG anti-IgE antibodies were found in five of nine patients (55%) with cold urticaria, four of eight patients (50%) with urticarial(More)
It remains unknown which factor(s) control mast cell recruitment in chronic immune reactions. Although TGF-beta has been shown to function as a potent chemotactic factor for monocytes, fibroblasts, and neutrophils, its effect on mast cells has not been previously determined. In this study, TGF-beta 1 was shown to cause directed migration of cultured mouse(More)
Microscopic analysis of synovial specimens from 35 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 7 patients with osteoarthritis revealed mast cell hyperplasia in perivascular regions, in fibrous interstitial areas, and clustered around the periphery of lymphoid aggregates. Metachromatic staining, immunofluorescence studies, and ultrastructural analysis(More)
It has been appreciated for quite some time that a "round cell" inflammatory infiltrate is present in the dermis during the early stages of scleroderma. Considerable research has emanated from this basic observation, with the assumption that interactions between immune cells and fibroblasts are paramount in the genesis of fibrosis. The large number of mast(More)
The potential use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for inflammatory muscle disorders was evaluated in 13 patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Abnormalities in signal intensity (p = 0.0076) and fat replacement (p = 0.0177) were identified and correlated significantly with clinical disease activity. In addition, MRI was useful in directing(More)
The functional role of mast cells in rheumatoid synovium was investigated by assessing the ability of mast cell tryptase to activate latent collagenase derived from rheumatoid synoviocytes. Tryptase, a mast cell neutral protease, was demonstrated in situ to reside in rheumatoid synovial mast cells, by an immunoperoxidase technique using a mouse mAb against(More)
Dermatomyositis is an inflammatory myopathy characterized by muscle weakness and inflammation. In contrast to polymyositis and inclusion body myositis, humoral immune mechanisms appear to contribute to the pathogenesis of dermatomyositis. A 56-year-old man with dermatomyositis resistant to conventional therapies was treated with 6 weekly infusions of the(More)
Although previous studies have shown that different cells and cell lines of murine origin bind human C1q, suggesting that they display cell surface receptors for C1q, no information is available to indicate whether mouse or human mast cells express C1q receptors. This paper presents the first evidence to show that murine mast cells express specific(More)