Barry Gruber

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the continued efficacy and safety of alendronate (ALN) for up to 2 years in patients receiving glucocorticoids. METHODS This is a 12-month extension of a previously completed 1-year trial of daily ALN, performed to evaluate the effects of ALN over a total of 2 years in 66 men and 142 women continuing to receive at least 7.5 mg of(More)
The presence of mast cells near capillary sprouting sites suggests an association between mast cells and angiogenesis. However, the role of mast cells in blood vessel development remains to be defined. In an attempt to elucidate this relationship, we investigated the effect of human mast cells (HMC-1) and their products on human dermal microvascular(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of an oral preparation of iloprost, a prostacyclin analog, in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) secondary to systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). METHODS A multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled double-blind study was performed at university and community-based medical centers.(More)
The prevalence of autoantibodies of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) classes directed against myeloma immunoglobulin E (IgE) were determined in distinct subsets of urticaria, using an enzyme immunoassay. IgG anti-IgE antibodies were found in five of nine patients (55%) with cold urticaria, four of eight patients (50%) with urticarial(More)
Mast cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the matrix degradation observed in the cartilaginous and osseous structures of the rheumatoid joint. We previously reported that human mast cell tryptase, a 134-kD granule-associated neutral protease, is present in rheumatoid synovium and can activate collagenase in crude culture medium in vitro. the(More)
It remains unknown which factor(s) control mast cell recruitment in chronic immune reactions. Although TGF-beta has been shown to function as a potent chemotactic factor for monocytes, fibroblasts, and neutrophils, its effect on mast cells has not been previously determined. In this study, TGF-beta 1 was shown to cause directed migration of cultured mouse(More)
The effect of human mast cells on fibroblast activity was studied using an organotypic skin-equivalent culture system. Human mast cell-1 (HMC-1) cells were embedded in a collagen gel with neonatal dermal fibroblasts at a ratio of 1:4; keratinocytes then were allowed to stratify above this composite culture. Analysis of type a1(I) procollagen mRNA synthesis(More)
The functional role of mast cells in rheumatoid synovium was investigated by assessing the ability of mast cell tryptase to activate latent collagenase derived from rheumatoid synoviocytes. Tryptase, a mast cell neutral protease, was demonstrated in situ to reside in rheumatoid synovial mast cells, by an immunoperoxidase technique using a mouse mAb against(More)
We previously reported that low-dose doxycycline (DOXY) therapy reduces host-derived collagenase activity in gingival tissue of adult periodontitis (AP) patients. However, it was not clear whether this in vivo effect was direct or indirect. In the present study, inflamed human gingival tissue, obtained from AP patients during periodontal surgery, was(More)