Barry G. Shearer

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Repression of gene transcription by nuclear receptors is mediated by interactions with co-repressor proteins such as SMRT and N-CoR, which in turn recruit histone deacetylases to the chromatin. Aberrant interactions between nuclear receptors and co-repressors contribute towards acute promyelocytic leukaemia and thyroid hormone resistance syndrome. The(More)
The 2.7 A X-ray crystal structure of the HNF4gamma ligand binding domain (LBD) revealed the presence of a fatty acid within the pocket, with the AF2 helix in a conformation characteristic of a transcriptionally active nuclear receptor. GC/MS and NMR analysis of chloroform/methanol extracts from purified HNF4alpha and HNF4gamma LBDs identified mixtures of(More)
The identification of small molecule ligands for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) has been instrumental in elucidating their biological roles. In particular, agonists have been the focus of much of the research in the field with relatively few antagonists being described and all of those being selective for PPARalpha or PPARgamma. The(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family of nuclear receptors, a set of three receptor sub-types encoded by distinct genes, function as lipid sensors to regulate a broad range of genes in many metabolically active tissues. Synthetic PPAR agonists have exhibited therapeutic benefits in treating diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The(More)
The synthesis and in vitro evaluation of the acetamidine derivatives of hetero-substituted lysine and homolysine analogues have identified potent inhibitors of human nitric oxide synthase enzymes, including examples with marked selectivity for the inducible isoform.
4-Chloro-N-(2-{[5-trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyl]sulfonyl}ethyl)benzamide 3 (GSK3787) was identified as a potent and selective ligand for PPARdelta with good pharmacokinetic properties. A detailed binding study using mass spectral analysis confirmed covalent binding to Cys249 within the PPARdelta binding pocket. Gene expression studies showed that(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor, thought to play a role in energy metabolism, glucose homeostasis and microglia-mediated neuroinflammation. A novel benzimidazole series of centrally penetrant PPARγ partial agonists has been identified. The optimization of PPARγ activity and in vivo(More)
Agonists of PPARalpha and PPARgamma are currently approved for use in treating, respectively, dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes. Agonists of PPARbeta/delta are currently in development by several pharmaceutical companies. Despite their therapeutic importance, there are dose limiting side effects associated with PPAR drug treatments, thus a new generation of(More)
NPC 15437 is a prototype member of a new class of synthetically derived protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors. PKC activity and binding of phorbol ester to the enzyme were inhibited by NPC 15437, with IC50 values of 19 +/- 2 microM and 23 +/- 4 microM, respectively. No inhibition of cAMP-dependent or calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases was observed at(More)
The first small molecule agonists of the estrogen-related receptors have been identified. GSK4716 (3) and GSK9089 (4) show binding to ERRgamma with remarkable selectivity over the classical estrogen receptors. Notably, in cell-based reporter assays, 3 mimics the protein ligand PGC-1alpha in activation of human ERRbeta and ERRgamma.