Barry G Collins

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We compared reflex responses to static handgrip at 30% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in 26 untrained men (mean age 35 +/- 3 yr) and 23 untrained women (mean age 39 +/- 4 yr). Women demonstrated attenuated increases in blood pressure and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA; by microneurography) compared with men. This difference was also observed(More)
A mariner transposon bank was used to identify loci that contribute to the innate resistance of Listeria monocytogenes to the lantibiotic nisin. In addition to highlighting the importance of a number of loci previously associated with nisin resistance (mprF, virRS, and telA), a nisin-sensitive phenotype was associated with the disruption of anrB (lmo2115),(More)
Nisin is a class I bacteriocin (lantibiotic), which is employed by the food and veterinary industries and exhibits potent activity against numerous pathogens. However, this activity could be further improved through the targeting and inhibition of factors that contribute to innate nisin resistance. Here we describe a novel locus, lmo1967, which is required(More)
Technical limitations imposed by resolution and B1 homogeneity have thus far limited quantitative in vivo T2 mapping of cartilage to the patella. The purpose of this study is to develop T2 mapping of the femoral/tibial joint and assess regional variability of cartilage T2 in the knee. Quantitative in vivo T2 mapping of the knee was performed on 15(More)
OBJECTIVES Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with talc pleurodesis is a therapeutic option for patients with hepatic hydrothorax that is refractory to medical therapy. We report the outcomes of 15 patients who underwent this procedure for significantly symptomatic disease. METHODS Data on 15 consecutive patients presenting to our institution between(More)
Lantibiotics are antimicrobial peptides that contain several unusual amino acids resulting from a series of enzyme-mediated posttranslational modifications. As a consequence of being gene-encoded, the implementation of peptide bioengineering systems has the potential to yield lantibiotic variants with enhanced chemical and physical properties. Here we(More)
The Listeria monocytogenes LiaSR two-component system (2CS) encoded by lmo1021 and lmo1022 plays an important role in resistance to the food preservative nisin. A nonpolar deletion in the histidine kinase-encoding component (ΔliaS) resulted in a 4-fold increase in nisin resistance. In contrast, the ΔliaS strain exhibited increased sensitivity to a number of(More)
Many phages employ a large heteropolymeric organelle located at the tip of the tail, termed the baseplate, for host recognition. Contrast electron microscopy (EM) of the lactococcal phage Tuc2009 baseplate and its host-binding subunits, the so-called tripods, allowed us to obtain a low-resolution structural image of this organelle. Structural comparisons(More)
UNLABELLED The Gram-positive bacterium Lactococcus lactis, used for the production of cheeses and other fermented dairy products, falls victim frequently to fortuitous infection by tailed phages. The accompanying risk of dairy fermentation failures in industrial facilities has prompted in-depth investigations of these phages. Lactococcal phage Tuc2009(More)
Bacteriophages of the Siphoviridae family represent the most abundant viral morphology in the biosphere, yet many molecular aspects of their virion structure, assembly and associated functions remain to be unveiled. In this study, we present a comprehensive mutational and molecular analysis of the temperate Lactococcus lactis-infecting phage TP901-1.(More)