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We compared reflex responses to static handgrip at 30% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in 26 untrained men (mean age 35 +/- 3 yr) and 23 untrained women (mean age 39 +/- 4 yr). Women demonstrated attenuated increases in blood pressure and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA; by microneurography) compared with men. This difference was also observed(More)
Nisin is a class I bacteriocin (lantibiotic), which is employed by the food and veterinary industries and exhibits potent activity against numerous pathogens. However, this activity could be further improved through the targeting and inhibition of factors that contribute to innate nisin resistance. Here we describe a novel locus, lmo1967, which is required(More)
Technical limitations imposed by resolution and B1 homogeneity have thus far limited quantitative in vivo T2 mapping of cartilage to the patella. The purpose of this study is to develop T2 mapping of the femoral/tibial joint and assess regional variability of cartilage T2 in the knee. Quantitative in vivo T2 mapping of the knee was performed on 15(More)
The Listeria monocytogenes LiaSR two-component system (2CS) encoded by lmo1021 and lmo1022 plays an important role in resistance to the food preservative nisin. A nonpolar deletion in the histidine kinase-encoding component (ΔliaS) resulted in a 4-fold increase in nisin resistance. In contrast, the ΔliaS strain exhibited increased sensitivity to a number of(More)
OBJECTIVES Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with talc pleurodesis is a therapeutic option for patients with hepatic hydrothorax that is refractory to medical therapy. We report the outcomes of 15 patients who underwent this procedure for significantly symptomatic disease. METHODS Data on 15 consecutive patients presenting to our institution between(More)
A mariner transposon bank was used to identify loci that contribute to the innate resistance of Listeria monocytogenes to the lantibiotic nisin. In addition to highlighting the importance of a number of loci previously associated with nisin resistance (mprF, virRS, and telA), a nisin-sensitive phenotype was associated with the disruption of anrB (lmo2115),(More)
Circadian rhythms offer probably the best understanding of how genes control behavior, and much of this understanding has come from studies in Drosophila. More recently, genetic manipulation of clock neurons in Drosophila has helped identify how daily patterns of activity are programmed by different clock neuron groups. Here, we review some of the more(More)
Lantibiotics are antimicrobial peptides that contain several unusual amino acids resulting from a series of enzyme-mediated posttranslational modifications. As a consequence of being gene-encoded, the implementation of peptide bioengineering systems has the potential to yield lantibiotic variants with enhanced chemical and physical properties. Here we(More)
Many phages employ a large heteropolymeric organelle located at the tip of the tail, termed the baseplate, for host recognition. Contrast electron microscopy (EM) of the lactococcal phage Tuc2009 baseplate and its host-binding subunits, the so-called tripods, allowed us to obtain a low-resolution structural image of this organelle. Structural comparisons(More)