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Peripheral clocks receive timing signals from the master mammalian pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and function to adaptively anticipate daily changes that influence local physiology. Evidence suggests that peripheral immune activation may act as a resetting signal for circadian clocks in peripheral tissues. We wished to investigate whether(More)
The master mammalian pacemaker in the brain controls numerous diverse physiological and behavioral processes throughout the organism. Timing information is continually transmitted from the master clock to peripheral organs to synchronize rhythmic daily oscillations of clock gene transcripts and control local physiology. To investigate the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid displacement across multiple time zones results in a conflict between the new cycle of light and dark and the previously entrained program of the internal circadian clock, a phenomenon known as jet lag. In humans, jet lag is often characterized by malaise, appetite loss, fatigue, disturbed sleep and performance deficit, the consequences of(More)
The reproductive tracts of nine thoroughbred mares were examined by ultrasound to determine the day of ovulation (day 0). Mares were fitted with intercavernous sinus cannulae on the day before the start of sample collection of pituitary venous effluent rich in oxytocin. Intercavernous sinus blood samples were collected for at least 36 h at 5 min intervals(More)
An emerging body of evidence supports a relationship between the circadian and immune systems during an innate immune response. Previously, we have demonstrated synchronized upregulation of core circadian clock genes, Per2 and Bmal1, in equine whole blood following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration in vivo. Subsequent experiments suggested a role for(More)
Administration of a GnRH agonist (5 micrograms) every 12 h to long-term ovariectomized ewes for 5 or 10 days during the breeding season suppressed mean LH levels from around 6 to 1 ng/ml on Days 1 and 4 after treatment; on Day 1 after treatment LH pulse frequency and amplitude were lower than pretreatment values. On Day 4 after treatment LH pulse frequency(More)
In the mare, endogenous opioids have been implicated in the suppression of gonadotropin secretion during seasonal anestrus (AN). The present study tested whether continuation of reproductive activity during the nonbreeding season (NBS) reflects the absence of a seasonal shift in opioid tone compared to what occurs in AN mares. During the NBS, 11 AN and 8(More)
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