Barry E Smalbrugge

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We demonstrate lasing in Metal-Insulator-Metal (MIM) waveguides filled with electrically pumped semiconductor cores, with core width dimensions below the diffraction limit. Furthermore these waveguides propagate a transverse magnetic (TM0) or so called gap plasmon mode [1-4]. Hence we show that losses in sub-wavelength MIM waveguides can be overcome to(More)
The increasing speed of fibre-optic-based telecommunications has focused attention on high-speed optical processing of digital information. Complex optical processing requires a high-density, high-speed, low-power optical memory that can be integrated with planar semiconductor technology for buffering of decisions and telecommunication data. Recently, ring(More)
Noncontact potentiometry or scanning Kelvin probe microscopy (SKPM) is a widely used technique to study charge injection and transport in (in)organic devices by measuring a laterally resolved local potential. This technique suffers from the significant drawback that experimentally obtained curves do not generally reflect the true potential profile in the(More)
First observation of passive mode-locking in two-section quantum-dot lasers operating at wavelengths around 1.55 mum is reported. Pulse generation at 4.6 GHz from a 9 mm long device is verified by background-free autocorrelation, RF-spectra and real-time oscilloscope traces. The output pulses are stretched in time and heavily up-chirped with a value of 20(More)
We investigate electrically pumped, distributed feedback (DFB) lasers, based on gap-plasmon mode metallic waveguides. The waveguides have nano-scale widths below the diffraction limit and incorporate vertical groove Bragg gratings. These metallic Bragg gratings provide a broad bandwidth stop band (~500 nm) with grating coupling coefficients of over 5000/cm.(More)
The possibility to extract work from periodic, undirected forces has intrigued scientists for over a century—in particular, the rectification of undirected motion of particles by ratchet potentials, which are periodic but asymmetric functions. Introduced by Smoluchowski and Feynman to study the (dis)ability to generate motion from an equilibrium situation,(More)
In this Letter, we present a method to prepare a mixed electron-beam resist composed of a positive resist (ZEP520A) and C60 fullerene. The addition of C60 to the ZEP resist changes the material properties under electron beam exposure significantly. An improvement in the thermal resistance of the mixed material has been demonstrated by fabricating multimode(More)
Brownian ratchets enable the use of thermal motion in performing useful work. They typically employ spatial asymmetry to rectify nondirected external forces that drive the system out of equilibrium (cf. running marbles on a shaking washboard). The major application foreseen for Brownian ratchets is high-selectivity fractionation of particle or molecule(More)
Pure plasmonic mode and hybrid plasmonic mode have been demonstrated. The cone-metal shelled structure is proposed. The two modes have been examined, pure plasmonic mode and hybrid plasmonic mode. At room temperature, the quality factor of the two modes has been compared and we found that the quality factor of hybrid plasmonic mode is 775 when the side(More)
A high speed, high density and potentially low cost solution for realizing a compact transceiver module is presented in this paper. It is based on directly bonding an Opto-electronic die on top of CMOS IC chip and creating a photoresist ramp to bridge the big step (around 220 μm) from Opto-electronic pads to CMOS IC pads. The required electrical connection(More)