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Two models, a simple cooling model and the plate model, have been advanced to account for the variation in depth and heat flow with increasing age of the ocean floor. The simple cooling model predicts a linear relation between depth and t • , and heat flow and l/t«, where t is the • ge of the ocean floor. We show that the same t • dependence is implicit in(More)
[1] An M w 6.5 earthquake devastated the town of Bam in southeast Iran on 26 December 2003. Surface displacements and decorrelation effects, mapped using Envisat radar data, reveal that over 2 m of slip occurred at depth on a fault that had not previously been identified. It is common for earthquakes to occur on blind faults which, despite their name,(More)
[1] One of the limitations of deformation measurements made with interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) is that an interferogram only measures one component of the surface deformation—in the satellite's line of sight. We investigate strategies for mapping surface deformation in three dimensions by using multiple interferograms, with different(More)
[1] The M w 6.6, 26 December 2003 Bam (Iran) earthquake was one of the first earthquakes for which Envisat advanced synthetic aperture radar (ASAR) data were available. Using interferograms and azimuth offsets from ascending and descending tracks, we construct a three-dimensional displacement field of the deformation due to the earthquake. Elastic(More)
Studies of interseismic strain accumulation are crucial to our understanding of continental deformation, the earthquake cycle and seismic hazard. By mapping small amounts of ground deformation over large spatial areas, InSAR has the potential to produce continental-scale maps of strain accumulation on active faults. However, most InSAR studies to date have(More)
Two contrasting views of the active deformation of Asia dominate the debate about how continents deform: (i) The deformation is primarily localized on major faults separating crustal blocks or (ii) deformation is distributed throughout the continental lithosphere. In the first model, western Tibet is being extruded eastward between the major faults bounding(More)
Using SAR interferometry (InSAR), the deformation field of the M w =6.6, 1998 Aiquile, Bolivia earthquake is mapped, and the epicentre accurately located for the first time. Elastic dislocation modelling is used to demonstrate that the measured displacements are best explained with a ~N–S oriented fault, with a strike that is oblique to the principal(More)
BACKGROUND To delineate the mechanism(s) of catecholamine-mediated cardiac toxicity, we exposed cultures of adult cardiac muscle cells, or cardiocytes, to a broad range of norepinephrine concentrations. METHODS AND RESULTS Norepinephrine stimulation resulted in a concentration-dependent decrease in cardiocyte viability, as demonstrated by a significant(More)
The catastrophic 2003 M w 6.6 Bam earthquake in southern Iran attracted much attention, and has been studied with an abundance of observations from synthetic aperture radar, teleseismic seismology, aftershock studies, strong ground motion, geomorphology, remote sensing and surface field work. Many reports have focused on the details of one or other data(More)
InSAR is particularly sensitive to vertical displacements, which can be important in distinguishing between mechanisms responsible for the postseismic response to large earthquakes (afterslip, viscoelastic relaxation). We produce maps of the surface displacements resulting from the postseismic response to the 2002 Denali Fault earthquake, using data from(More)