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The 12-month posttreatment outcome results for a randomized clinical trial that tested the effectiveness of various combinations of 4-month psychosocial treatment interventions are reported for 184 clients who used cocaine. Clients primarily used crack (93%), and the majority were African American (95%). Overall, clients exhibited substantial pre-post(More)
Two experiments were designed to examine modeling influences on alcoholics' alcohol consumption. Three male alcoholics were paired with confederates, posing as alcoholics. In Experiment 1, alcoholic-confederate pairs participated in a 1-hour taste-rating task, which involved rating different wines on a list of adjectives. Experiment 2 consisted of 1-hour ad(More)
PURPOSE An important question for alcohol abuse prevention and treatment is whether individuals with high needs for social approval, or those who drink heavily in social contexts, are particularly vulnerable to modeling effects in alcohol consumption. METHODS Male and female heavy social drinkers (N=202), as distinguished by these cognitive and(More)
The current investigation explores the clinical utility in providing a series of enhanced clinical services to a sample of 303 cocaine-abusing clients (primarily crack smokers) relative to a standard group therapy treatment program. In addition to examining the comparative impact of six varying psychosocial treatment approaches for cocaine abuse on client(More)
PURPOSE A central question pertinent to the efficacy of safe rides (SRs) in preventing driving while intoxicated (DWI) is whether individuals at high risk for DWI use them. METHODS Barroom surveys (N = 472) and in situ breath tests (N = 51) were conducted as part of an assessment of an alternative transportation intervention in a Maryland community.(More)
PURPOSE A common criticism of designated driver programs (DDPs) is that they promote excessive drinking among companions of the designated driver (DD). METHODS Data were collected from two representative samples of drinkers using computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATIs), and questionnaires administered to customers in barrooms. RESULTS Most(More)
We examined the effects of alcohol and expectations about drinking on self-disclosure in male and female social drinkers. Consistent with cognitive social learning theory, these effects were shown to vary as a function of dose, expectations about alcohol consumption and gender-related social learning history. In men, alcohol increases self-disclosure, but(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if parental substance abuse places children at a higher risk regarding their own substance abuse, illegal activities, and psychological functioning. An intake assessment was conducted with 299 crack smokers currently undergoing treatment. It revealed that clients with a parental history of substance abuse(More)
The effectiveness of designated driver (DD) use in preventing driving while intoxicated (DWI) depends on whether drinkers at risk for DWI use DDs. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses conducted on data from 1,391 Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviews (CATIs) and from 902 barroom patron surveys showed that DD users, compared to nonusers, tended to be(More)