Barry D. Caudill

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The current investigation explores the clinical utility in providing a series of enhanced clinical services to a sample of 303 cocaine-abusing clients (primarily crack smokers) relative to a standard group therapy treatment program. In addition to examining the comparative impact of six varying psychosocial treatment approaches for cocaine abuse on client(More)
PURPOSE An important question for alcohol abuse prevention and treatment is whether individuals with high needs for social approval, or those who drink heavily in social contexts, are particularly vulnerable to modeling effects in alcohol consumption. METHODS Male and female heavy social drinkers (N=202), as distinguished by these cognitive and(More)
OBJECTIVE The potential effectiveness of two group-administered social-skills training interventions for reducing high-risk drinking behavior was evaluated through a prospective randomized intervention trial with 3,406 members of a national college fraternity. METHOD Ninety eight of 99 chapters of a national fraternity were randomly assigned, within three(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if parental substance abuse places children at a higher risk regarding their own substance abuse, illegal activities, and psychological functioning. An intake assessment was conducted with 299 crack smokers currently undergoing treatment. It revealed that clients with a parental history of substance abuse(More)
The 12-month posttreatment outcome results for a randomized clinical trial that tested the effectiveness of various combinations of 4-month psychosocial treatment interventions are reported for 184 clients who used cocaine. Clients primarily used crack (93%), and the majority were African American (95%). Overall, clients exhibited substantial pre-post(More)
Two experiments were designed to examine modeling influences on alcoholics' alcohol consumption. Three male alcoholics were paired with confederates, posing as alcoholics. In Experiment 1, alcoholic-confederate pairs participated in a 1-hour taste-rating task, which involved rating different wines on a list of adjectives. Experiment 2 consisted of 1-hour ad(More)
This survey, with its 85% response rate, provides an extensive profile of drinking behaviors and predictors of drinking among 3,406 members of one national college fraternity, distributed across 98 chapters in 32 states. Multiple indexes of alcohol consumption measured frequency, quantity, estimated blood alcohol concentration levels (BACs), and related(More)
PURPOSE A central question pertinent to the efficacy of safe rides (SRs) in preventing driving while intoxicated (DWI) is whether individuals at high risk for DWI use them. METHODS Barroom surveys (N = 472) and in situ breath tests (N = 51) were conducted as part of an assessment of an alternative transportation intervention in a Maryland community.(More)
PURPOSE Offering drinkers free safe rides (SRs) home can prevent DWI, but some suggest that it may also promote excessive drinking. METHODS Forty-two respondents to surveys completed by 472 drinkers in barrooms reported that they used a SR during the first 9 months they were offered. RESULTS Their usual estimated blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was(More)