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A hydride cold-trapping technique was developed and optimised for the measurement of urinary arsenic metabolites. The analytical precision of the method was found to be 6.1, 4.0 and 4.8% (n = 5) for inorganic arsenic (ASi), monomethylarsonate (MMA) and dimethylarsinate (DMA), respectively, with recoveries close to 100%. The detection limits were 1.0, 1.3(More)
Soil collected from a disused cattle dip in northern New South Wales was studied with the aim of developing an inexpensive, yet effective method for quantitative determination of arsenic(III), arsenic(V) and total organic arsenic in a contaminated soil. Hydrochloric acid extractions were used as a method for removal of the arsenic from the soil in a form(More)
In order to study the effect of arsenic on DNA damage, Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed with sodium arsenite (10 mg/kg) with or without 800 microg of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) by intramammilary injection. The animals were sacrificed on day 1, 3, 5, 10 and 27 and the mammary gland tissues were collected for DNA adduct measurement using a (32)P post-labeling assay.(More)
Watson is a fully developed suburb of some 30 years in Canberra (the capital city of Australia). A plunge dip using arsenical pesticides for tick control was operated there between 1946 and 1960. Chemical investigations revealed that many soil samples obtained from the study area contained levels of arsenic exceeding the current health-based investigation(More)
Simple and inexpensive methods for the speciation of arsenite, arsenate, monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) in environmental water samples were developed. In these methods a hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS) technique was employed and perchloric acid (as a reaction medium), L-cysteine (as a pre-reducing(More)
Three calorimetric methods for the determination of manganese in freshwaters have been investigated and compared with the atomic-absorption spectrometry (AAS) method. Two of the methods, viz. the formaldoxime (FAD) and pyridylazonaphthol (PAN) methods were found to yield poor calibration curves upon standardization, and to have high average errors for the(More)
A comprehensive and critical review of the available spectrophotometric methods for the determination of manganese is presented. Details are given of a wide range of direct colour-forming reactions of manganese with organic ligands, which have been claimed to be of use in analysis for the metal. The use of the very sensitive kinetic methods of analysis is(More)
The effects on the absorbance signals obtained using HG-AAS of variations in concentrations of the reaction medium (hydrochloric acid), the reducing agent [sodium tetrahydroborate(III); NaBH(4)], the pre-reducing agent (l-cysteine), and the contact time (between l-cysteine and arsenic-containing solutions) for the arsines generated from solutions of(More)