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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of chronic pharmacological stimulation of the pituitary gland on GH hyposecretion and other maladaptive aspects of obesity. Obese Zucker rats were coadministered GH-releasing hormone (GHRH; 3 micrograms/kg) and GH-releasing hexapeptide (GHRP-6; 300 micrograms/kg), a potent combination of synergistic GH(More)
Lymphocytic and granulomatous hypophysitis are rare causes of anterior pituitary dysfunction, diabetes insipidus and hyperprolactinemia. The clinical, radiographic, and laboratory features of hypophysitis in two adolescent girls are presented along with a review of the medical literature. These subjects represent the youngest cases of autoimmune(More)
Growth hormone (GH) secretion declines during aging. Since GH alters plasma cholesterol (PC) concentrations, it was of interest to determine how GH secretagogues affect age-related hypercholesterolemia. Fischer 344 rats (3 and 14 months old) were co-administered (s.c.) GH releasing hormone (3 micrograms/kg; GHRH) and GH releasing hexapeptide (100(More)
Cardiac mass and function were evaluated in 10 children with classical GH deficiency. Echocardiograms were performed at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months after initiation of recombinant human (rh) GH therapy (0.3 mg/kg.wk). Before treatment, left ventricular (LV) mass indexed to body surface area (BSA) was low or low normal (<50 g/m(2)) in five children(More)
In an attempt to identify possible adverse effects of CNS prophylaxis (cranial radiation and intrathecal chemotherapy), we examined hypothalamic-pituitary function in 23 patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Of 18 patients who had received both cranial radiation and intrathecal chemotherapy, nine had abnormally low growth hormone responses to(More)
The function of the hypothalamic-adenohypophyseal unit was tested in 2 groups of rhesus monkeys before and at periodic intervals after the administration of 2400 and 4000 rads cranial radiation. This therapy was given in 10 fractions over a 2-week period. Plasma TSH, basally and after TRH administration, and LH and FSH, before and after(More)
Cranial radiation for childhood cancer can cause growth hormone deficiency (GHD), usually due to hypothalamic rather than pituitary dysfunction. To investigate whether this hypothalamic dysfunction is secondary to altered neurotransmitter input from other brain centers, we used neurotransmitter-excitatory substances to study the GH secretory response in 17(More)
The availability of unlimited but costly supplies of biosynthetic growth hormone has led to pressure for pharmacologic use (as opposed to replacement therapy in proven deficiency states). Commercial and altruistic motives have converged to promote community height screening among individuals who have been perceived by themselves or parents as short. This(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of endogenous GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) to exogenous GH-releasing hexapeptide (GHRP-6) activity, and to determine whether TRH or GnRH are endogenous analogs of GHRP-6. The activity of GHRP-6, a synthetic GH secretagogue, was significantly attenuated in rats administered GHRH antiserum or(More)
Response to growth hormone (GH) therapy was evaluated in 38 short children (28 males and 10 females; less than 1% in height for chronologic age [CA]) who were clinically categorized into three groups based on their endogenous mean 24-hour GH concentration (mean 24-hour GH) and peak GH response to two or more provocative agents (peak GH). All patients were(More)