Barry Alexander

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The integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was measured in male Sprague Dawley rats subjected to 16 weeks of portacaval shunting (PCS), the optimal time required for the cerebral changes to develop, by using an in situ brain perfusion technique. The penetration of a vascular space marker 14C mannitol, and labelled amino acids 3H-phenylalanine or(More)
This study describes the localization of endothelin-1-, vasopressin- and substance P-like immunoreactivity in a subpopulation of endothelial cells of the basilar and posterior communicating arteries of the (i) normal rabbit brains and (ii) rabbit brains perfused with a perfluorocarbon emulsion (PFC). Following perfusion with the PFC at increased flow the(More)
The cerebral vasculature of five anaesthetised rabbits was perfused with a perfluorocarbon emulsion via the internal carotid arteries, and the effluent from the jugular veins analysed for ATP, substance P (SP), endothelin (ET) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). Viability of the preparation was monitored periodically by the electrocorticogram, oxygen uptake,(More)
Ammonia may be the major cerebral intoxicant responsible for the increased general or passive permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) leading to the cerebral edema associated with acute liver failure. The present study investigated the effects of ammonia, as NH4+, on Na+ (22Na), K+ (86Rb), and 14C-mannitol uptake in the BBB. An in situ isolated(More)
Background: The role of adenosine and ATP in the regulation of hepatic arterial blood flow in the "buffer response" was studied in vitro and in a new in vivo model in the rabbit. The model achieves portal-systemic diversion by insertion of a silicone rubber prosthesis between the portal vein and inferior vena cava and avoids alterations in systemic(More)
Changes in brain 5-HT turnover which have been associated with portal-systemic encephalopathy (PSE) in man were studied in rats with experimental PSE for intervals up to 15 weeks following the surgical construction of end-to-side portacaval shunts (PCS). These were compared to changes measured in portacaval transposed rats (PCT) which, show little hepatic(More)
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