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Environmental stresses such as high light, low temperatures, pathogen infection and nutrient deficiency can lead to increased production of free radicals and other oxidative species in plants. A growing body of evidence suggests that plants respond to these biotic and abiotic stress factors by increasing their capacity to scavenge reactive oxygen species.(More)
to those exhibited by xanthophyll cycle-dependent energy dissipation. The patterns of acclimation of The acclimation of photochemistry, xanthophyll cycle-glutathione reductase are discussed in the context of dependent energy dissipation, and antioxidants was the multiple roles for reduced glutathione. Catalase characterized in leaves of Cucurbita pepo L.(More)
The temperature dependence of the relationship between the decline in activity of photosystem II (PSII) and a chlorophyll a fluorescence parameter combining the excitation pressure (1-qP) and efficiency of excitation energy capture by open PSII reaction centers in the light-acclimated state (Fv'/Fm') was investigated in cotton leaves. A formula for the(More)
To identify environmental and biological drivers of nocturnal vapour exchange, we quantified intra-annual, intra- and inter-specific variation in nocturnal water transport among ecologically diverse Eucalyptus species. We measured sap flux (J(s)) and leaf physiology (leaf surface conductance (g(s)), transpiration (E) and water potential (Psi(l))) in three(More)
Eastern dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium pusillum Peck) is a hemiparasitic angiosperm that infects white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) and red spruce (P. rubens Sarg.) in northeastern North America. The effects of mistletoe infection differ substantially between white and red spruce, with white spruce suffering greater infection-induced mortality. In the(More)
The enzymatic component of the antioxidant system is discussed as one of the defensive mechanisms providing protection against excessive light absorption in plants. We present an analysis of attempts to improve stress tolerance by means of the creation of transgenic plants with elevated antioxidant enzyme activities and conclude that the effect of such(More)
Attached intact leaves of Schefflera arboricola grown at three different photon flux densities (PFDs) were subjected to 24-h exposures to a high PFD and subsequent recovery at a low PFD. While sun leaves showed virtually no sustained effects on photosystem II (PSII), shade-grown leaves exhibited pronounced photoinhibition of PSII that required several days(More)
Mastocarpus stellatus and Chondrus crispus are red macroalgae that co-dominate the lower rocky intertidal zones of the northern Atlantic coast. M. stellatus is more tolerant than C. crispus of environmental stresses, particularly those experienced during winter. This difference in tolerance has been attributed, in part, to greater contents or activities of(More)
Females of dioecious plant species typically invest more in reproduction than males because they produce seeds, fruits, and associated structures in addition to flowers. If females are unable to compensate by up-regulating rates of photosynthesis or by reproducing less frequently than males, their greater reproductive investment may result in reduced growth(More)
The unabated rise in atmospheric [CO(2)] is associated with increased air temperature. Yet, few CO(2)-enrichment studies have considered pre-industrial [CO(2)] or warming. Consequently, we quantified the interactive effects of growth [CO(2)] and temperature on photosynthesis of faster-growing Eucalyptus saligna and slower-growing E. sideroxylon.(More)