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Environmental stresses such as high light, low temperatures, pathogen infection and nutrient deficiency can lead to increased production of free radicals and other oxidative species in plants. A growing body of evidence suggests that plants respond to these biotic and abiotic stress factors by increasing their capacity to scavenge reactive oxygen species.(More)
To identify environmental and biological drivers of nocturnal vapour exchange, we quantified intra-annual, intra- and inter-specific variation in nocturnal water transport among ecologically diverse Eucalyptus species. We measured sap flux (J(s)) and leaf physiology (leaf surface conductance (g(s)), transpiration (E) and water potential (Psi(l))) in three(More)
Eastern dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium pusillum Peck) is a hemiparasitic angiosperm that infects white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) and red spruce (P. rubens Sarg.) in northeastern North America. The effects of mistletoe infection differ substantially between white and red spruce, with white spruce suffering greater infection-induced mortality. In the(More)
to those exhibited by xanthophyll cycle-dependent energy dissipation. The patterns of acclimation of The acclimation of photochemistry, xanthophyll cycle-glutathione reductase are discussed in the context of dependent energy dissipation, and antioxidants was the multiple roles for reduced glutathione. Catalase characterized in leaves of Cucurbita pepo L.(More)
The unabated rise in atmospheric [CO(2)] is associated with increased air temperature. Yet, few CO(2)-enrichment studies have considered pre-industrial [CO(2)] or warming. Consequently, we quantified the interactive effects of growth [CO(2)] and temperature on photosynthesis of faster-growing Eucalyptus saligna and slower-growing E. sideroxylon.(More)
Females of dioecious plant species typically invest more in reproduction than males because they produce seeds, fruits, and associated structures in addition to flowers. If females are unable to compensate by up-regulating rates of photosynthesis or by reproducing less frequently than males, their greater reproductive investment may result in reduced growth(More)
Trees adapted to mesic and xeric habits may differ in a suite of physiological responses that affect leaf-level carbon balance, including the relationship between photosynthesis (A) and respiration at night (R(n)). Understanding the factors that regulate physiological function in mesic and xeric species is critical for predicting changes in growth and(More)
Infection by eastern dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium pusillum) modifies needle and branch morphology and hastens white spruce (Picea glauca) mortality. We examined potential causal mechanisms and assessed the impacts of infection-induced alterations to host development and performance across scales ranging from needle hormone contents to bole expansion.(More)
Red spruces are less severely impacted by the parasite eastern dwarf mistletoe than white spruce. Differences in stem vulnerabilities to cavitation do not seem to explain this pattern. Parasitic dwarf mistletoes are damaging forest pathogens, yet the physiological mechanisms by which infections contribute to host decline remain poorly understood. In this(More)
Although plants rely on light to drive energy production via photosynthesis, excess light can be harmful. Plants have evolved photoprotective mechanisms to mitigate this threat, including thermal energy dissipation, the most common form of which involves de-epoxidized constituents of the xanthophyll cycle facilitating the conversion of excess excitation(More)