Barry A. Finette

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Pseudomonas putida PpF1 degrades toluene through cis-toluene dihydrodiol to 3-methylcatechol. The latter compound is metabolized through the well-established meta pathway for catechol degradation. The first four steps in the pathway involve the sequential action of toluene dioxygenase (todABC1C2), cis-toluene dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (todD),(More)
We have investigated the molecular effects of passive maternal cigarette exposure in a newborn population and consider the possible implications of the observed genetic changes in the development of neoplastic diseases in children. We present a distribution analysis of somatic mutational events in a reporter gene, HPRT, in cord blood T lymphocytes from(More)
Somatic mutations in the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) gene are rare occurrences in T-lymphocytes of normal individuals. Lacking pathogenic significance, these events can serve as reporters for assessing environmental genotoxicity. The present molecular analyses of hprt mutations arising spontaneously in normal children show that(More)
In this paper, we have compared mutant frequency data at the hprt locus in circulating T-lymphocytes from four large datasets obtained in the UK (Sussex), the USA (Vermont), France (Paris) and The Netherlands (Leiden). In total, data from > 500 non-exposed individuals ranging in age from newborns (cord blood samples) to > 80 years old have been included in(More)
Perinatal treatment with 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) has been found to reduce the rate of maternal-infant transmission of HIV; however, AZT is genotoxic in mammalian cells in vitro and induces tumors in the offspring of mice treated in utero. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships between incorporation of AZT into DNA,(More)
Somatic cell mutant frequencies at the hprt locus of the X-chromosome were measured with the T-lymphocyte cloning assay in a healthy pediatric population. Assays were performed on 49 subjects (29 males and 20 females) ranging in age from 0.08 to 15.2 years. A statistical analysis of the thioguanine-resistant (TGr) mutant frequency (MF), unselected cloning(More)
We utilized the hprt T-cell cloning assay to prospectively determined the somatic mutant frequency at the hprt locus of fetal T-lymphocytes exposed in utero to maternal active and passive cigarette smoke. In addition, a maternal questionnaire was administered to evaluate a number of social and medical parameters that may effect hprt mutant frequency.(More)
Recent studies have brought to the forefront the importance of somatic mutations during human fetal development and malignant transformation in children, specifically leukemia. Therefore, a better understanding of the frequency and mutational spectrum of spontaneous in utero mutations is essential for understanding the genetic mechanisms associated with(More)
V(D)J recombinase normally mediates recombination signal sequence (RSS) directed rearrangements of variable (V), diversity (D), and joining (J) germline gene segments that lead to the generation of diversified T cell receptor or immunoglobulin proteins in lymphoid cells. Of significant clinical importance is that V(D)J-recombinase-mediated rearrangements at(More)
The generation of TCR proteins is the result of V(D)J recombinase-mediated genomic rearrangements at recombination signal sequences (RSS) in human lymphocytes. V(D)J recombinase can also mediate rearrangements at nonimmune or "cryptic" RSS in normal and leukemic human peripheral T cells. We previously demonstrated age- and gender-specific developmental(More)