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Knowledge of the content of Doppler ultrasound signals from the fetal heart is essential if the performance of fetal heart rate (FHR) monitors based upon this technology is to be improved. For this reason instrumentation was constructed to enable the simultaneous collection of Doppler audio signals and the transabdominal fetal ECG (for signal registration),(More)
Foetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring is a proven means of assessing foetal health during the antenatal period. Currently, the only widely available instrumentation for producing these data is based on Doppler ultrasound, a technology that is unsuitable for long-term use. For nearly a century, it has been known that the foetal electrocardiogram (FECG) can be(More)
Doppler ultrasound, ultrasound M-mode analysis, fetal electrocardiography, and fetal magnetocardiography are methods by which the fetal heart can be monitored non-invasively. In this paper, they are evaluated and compared. Customarily, it is solely the fetal heart rate, which is monitored using the Doppler ultrasound technique since it is both simple to use(More)
It is well established that fetal and maternal electrocardiograms (ECGs) can be obtained from the maternal abdomen using standard surface electrodes, although this cannot be guaranteed. The unobtrusive and non-invasive nature of such monitoring lends itself naturally to the long-term ambulatory collection of this data on cardiac activity. By employing(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate a menstrual symptometrics device that can quantify menstrual blood loss, dysmenorrhea, and the premenstrual syndrome against traditional methods of collecting data on symptoms. DESIGN Validation study. SETTING Academic research clinic for menstrual cycle disorders. PARTICIPANT(S) Women 18-50 years of age who presented with(More)
Non-contact photoplethysmography (PPG) provides multiple benefits over in-contact methods, but is not as tolerant to motion due to the lack of mechanical coupling between the subject and sensor. One limitation of non-contact photoplethysmography is discussed here, specifically looking at the topology and optical variations of the skin and how this impacts(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared a non-invasive fetal electrocardiogram (fECG) to Doppler cardiotocogram (CTG) during the 1(st) stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN This was a prospective observational study of non-invasive fECG using five abdominal electrodes and one Doppler ultrasound probe in 27 patients. Data were analyzed for reliability, clinical and statistical(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the fetal heart rate (FHR) signal quality of non-invasive abdominal fetal electrocardiogram (fECG) in comparison to the Doppler ultrasound cardiotocogram (CTG) during the first and second stage of labour. This was a prospective observational study of non-invasive fECG using five abdominally sited electrodes against(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the quality of intrapartum uterine activity (UA) monitoring in daily practice during the first and second stages of labour. The total duration of inadequate UA monitoring is quantified in relation to the technique applied, namely, external tocodynamometry (TOCO) or electrohysterography (EHG). MATERIAL AND(More)
OBJECTIVE/AIMS To investigate the presence of signal ambiguity of intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring during delivery by comparing simultaneous cardiotocogram (CTG), abdominal fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) with continuous maternal ECG. METHODS A total of 144 simultaneous CTG (Corometrics 250 series), abdominal fetal ECG (Monica -AN24™) and(More)