Barrie F. Taylor

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A new facultatively autotrophic Thiobacillus has been isolated in pure culture. The general physiological characteristics of the organism are described together with a redescription of Thiobacillus novellus. The new isolate differs from T. novellus in its ability to grow heterotrophically at faster rates and on a greater range of organic compounds. It can(More)
Monofluoro- and monochlorobenzoates did not support the growth of Pseudomonas PN-1, either aerobically or anaerobically (nitrate respiration), when supplied as sole sources of carbon and energy. Anaerobic growth yields on nonfluorinated substrates were increased by p-fluorobenzoate (pFBz) with a utilization of pFBz and release of F-. Cell suspensions grown(More)
N(2) (C(2)H(2)) fixation was associated with decaying leaves of Rhizophora mangle. The process was predominantly anaerobic, with about two-thirds of the nitrogenase activity being light dependent. Average N(2) fixation rates in the light were 11 mug of N per g (dry weight) per h for leaves that had decayed for 2 to 3 weeks. This nitrogen input is probably(More)
A bacterium was isolated by elective culture with p-hydroxybenzoate as substrate and nitrate as electron acceptor. It grew either aerobically or anaerobically, by nitrate respiration, on a range of aromatic compounds. The organism was identified as a pseudomonad and was given the trivial name Pseudomonas PN-1. Benzoate and p-hydroxybenzoate were metabolized(More)
Aerobic degradation of dimethyl sulfide (DMS), previously described for thiobacilli and hyphomicrobia, involves catabolism to sulfide via methanethiol (CH3SH). Methyl groups are sequentially eliminated as HCHO by incorporation of O2 catalyzed by DMS monooxygenase and methanethiol oxidase. H2O2 formed during CH3SH oxidation is destroyed by catalase. We(More)
Rhodopseudomonas sp. strain BB1, isolated from a coastal marine sediment, immediately metabolized mercaptomalate when grown on mercaptomalate. Sulfide was detected as an intermediate. Extracts of cells grown on mercaptomalate converted mercaptomalate or 3-mercaptopropionate to equimolar amounts of sulfide and either fumarate or acrylate, respectively.(More)
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is a natural product of algae and aquatic plants, particularly those from saline environments. We investigated whether DMSP could serve as a precursor of thiols in anoxic coastal marine sediments. The addition of 10 or 60 muM DMSP to anoxic sediment slurries caused the concentrations of 3-mercaptopropionate (3-MPA) and(More)
Sulfur-containing amino acids were examined as precursors for thiols in anoxic coastal sediments. Substrates (10 to 100 muM) were anaerobically incubated with sediment slurries; thiols were assayed as isoindole derivatives by high-performance liquid chromatography; and microbial transformations of thiols, in contrast to their chemical binding by sediment(More)
A bacterium, strain BIS-6, that grew aerobically on dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) was isolated from an intertidal mud sample. Strain BIS-6 quantitatively demethylated DMSP and 3-methiolpropionate to 3-mercaptopropionate. Strain BIS-6 was a versatile methylotroph growing on the osmolytes DMSP and glycine betaine and their methylated degradation products(More)
Vanillic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid) supported the anaerobic (nitrate respiration) but not the aerobic growth of Pseudomonas sp. strain PN-1. Cells grown anaerobically on vanillate oxidized vanillate, p-hydroxybenzoate, and protocatechuic acid (3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid) with O(2) or nitrate. Veratric acid (3,4-dimethoxybenzoic acid) but not(More)