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BACKGROUND Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric extra-cranial solid cancer. Using conventional therapies, children older than 1 year of age with advanced neuroblastoma have a poor prognosis. The development of new approaches for treating such children with neuroblastoma continues to be one of the most important goals today in pediatric oncology.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether surfactant (beractant) administration to term newborns in respiratory failure and at risk for requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment would significantly reduce the incidence of severe complications through 28 days of age and the need for ECMO. STUDY DESIGN A multicenter(More)
Lung surfactant is deficient in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We performed a randomized, prospective, controlled, open-label clinical study of administration of a bovine surfactant to patients with ARDS to obtain preliminary information about its safety and efficacy. Patients received either surfactant by endotracheal(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to test the hypothesis that prenatal maternal corticosteroids would improve the subsequent response of infants to surfactant treatments. STUDY DESIGN We used the data bases of two recently published large multicenter trials of multidose surfactant treatments to retrospectively evaluate the possible interactions between maternal(More)
A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial compared three beractant (Survanta) administration procedures in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Infants weighing > or = 600 gm with respiratory distress syndrome who required assisted ventilation were treated within 8 hours of birth with beractant administered(More)
From September 1989 through July 1991, before commercial availability, Survanta (beractant intratracheal suspension), a modified bovine-derived surfactant used for prevention and treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, was made available to 231 neonatal intensive care units in the United States and Canada under a Treatment Investigational New(More)
A primary motivation for employing quadrupedal robots is that their morphology allows them to traverse difficult terrain. For example, a mountain goat, by carefully choosing its foot placements, is able to scale steep cliff sides. In contrast, wheeled robots have difficulty traveling over non-level terrain, and bipedal robots face stability challenges on(More)
Chest physiotherapy is an empirical technique used to help secretions to get out of the lung whenever stagnation occurs. Although commonly used, little is known about the inner mechanisms of chest physiotherapy and controversies about its use are coming out regularly. Thus, a scientific validation of chest physiotherapy is needed to evaluate its effects on(More)
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