Barrett L. Updegraff

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Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a marine bacterium that thrives in warm climates. It is a leading cause of gastroenteritis resulting from consumption of contaminated uncooked shellfish. This bacterium harbors two putative type VI secretion systems (T6SS). T6SSs are widespread protein secretion systems found in many Gram-negative bacteria, and are often tightly(More)
Release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from both resident and invading leukocytes within the pancreatic islets impacts the development of Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Synthesis and secretion of the chemokine CCL2 from pancreatic β-cells in response to pro-inflammatory signaling pathways influences immune cell recruitment into the pancreatic islets. Therefore,(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer death and the fifth most common solid tumor worldwide [1,2]. Liver tumorigenesis is a multistep process in which external stimuli such as chronic inflammation or cirrhosis lead to the development of clonal populations of dysplastic hepatocytes that accumulate genetic changes and evolve into(More)
Aberrant signaling through cytokine receptors and their downstream signaling pathways is a major oncogenic mechanism underlying hematopoietic malignancies. To better understand how these pathways become pathologically activated and to potentially identify new drivers of hematopoietic cancers, we developed a high-throughput functional screening approach(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-associated deaths worldwide. Given the efficacy of membrane proteins as therapeutic targets in human malignancies, we examined cell-surface receptors that may act as drivers of lung tumorigenesis. Here, we report that the PROTOCADHERIN PCDH7 is overexpressed frequently in NSCLC tumors where(More)
The proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IFN-γ decrease functional islet β-cell mass in part through the increased expression of specific genes, such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Dysregulated iNOS protein accumulation leads to overproduction of nitric oxide, which induces DNA damage, impairs β-cell function, and ultimately diminishes cellular(More)
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