Baron Peters

Learn More
Advances in theory and algorithms for electronic structure calculations must be incorporated into program packages to enable them to become routinely used by the broader chemical community. This work reviews advances made over the past five years or so that constitute the major improvements contained in a new release of the Q-Chem quantum chemistry package,(More)
Interpolation methods such as the nudged elastic band and string methods are widely used for calculating minimum energy pathways and transition states for chemical reactions. Both methods require an initial guess for the reaction pathway. A poorly chosen initial guess can cause slow convergence, convergence to an incorrect pathway, or even failed electronic(More)
From a hypothetical perfect dividing surface, all trajectories commit to opposite basins in forward and backward time without recrossing, transition state theory is exact, the transmission coefficient is one, and the committor distribution is perfectly focused at 1/2. However, chemical reactions in solution and other real systems often have dynamical(More)
A variety of chemical systems exhibit multiple reaction pathways that adjoin to a common reactant state. In fact, any reaction producing side products or proceeding via a stable intermediate involves a species possessing at least two reaction pathways. Despite improvements in ab initio transition-state search algorithms it remains difficult to detect(More)
We model the coupling between slow diffusion transport and nucleation using the diffusion equation, an Ostwald-Freundlich boundary condition, and a mass balance linking nucleus size to flux across the nucleus-solution interface. The model retains some characteristics of the classical nucleation theory because of the common theoretical foundations behind(More)
Recent simulations of crystal nucleation from a compressed liquid of oppositely charged colloids show that the natural Brownian dynamics results in nuclei of a charge-disordered FCC (DFCC) solid whereas artificially accelerated dynamics with charge swap moves result in charge-ordered nuclei of a CsCl phase. These results were interpreted as a breakdown of(More)
We propose a method for identifying accurate reaction coordinates among a set of trial coordinates. The method applies to special cases where motion along the reaction coordinate follows a one-dimensional Smoluchowski equation. In these cases the reaction coordinate can predict its own short-time dynamical evolution, i.e., the dynamics projected from(More)
Many schemes for calculating reaction rates and free energy barriers require an accurate reaction coordinate, but it is difficult to quantify reaction coordinate accuracy for complex processes like protein folding and nucleation. The histogram test, based on estimated committor probabilities, is often used as a qualitative indicator for good reaction(More)
Existing methods to compute free-energy differences between polymorphs use harmonic approximations, advanced non-Boltzmann bias sampling techniques, and/or multistage free-energy perturbations. This work demonstrates how Bennett's diabat interpolation method ( J. Comput. Phys. 1976, 22, 245 ) can be combined with energy gaps from lattice-switch Monte Carlo(More)
Short intense laser pulses of visible and infrared light can dramatically accelerate crystal nucleation from transparent solutions; previous studies invoke mechanisms that are only applicable for nucleation of ordered phases or high dielectric phases. However, we show that similar laser pulses induce CO(2) bubble nucleation in carbonated water.(More)