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Advances in theory and algorithms for electronic structure calculations must be incorporated into program packages to enable them to become routinely used by the broader chemical community. This work reviews advances made over the past five years or so that constitute the major improvements contained in a new release of the Q-Chem quantum chemistry package,… (More)

Interpolation methods such as the nudged elastic band and string methods are widely used for calculating minimum energy pathways and transition states for chemical reactions. Both methods require an initial guess for the reaction pathway. A poorly chosen initial guess can cause slow convergence, convergence to an incorrect pathway, or even failed electronic… (More)

A variety of chemical systems exhibit multiple reaction pathways that adjoin to a common reactant state. In fact, any reaction producing side products or proceeding via a stable intermediate involves a species possessing at least two reaction pathways. Despite improvements in ab initio transition-state search algorithms it remains difficult to detect… (More)

We model the coupling between slow diffusion transport and nucleation using the diffusion equation, an Ostwald-Freundlich boundary condition, and a mass balance linking nucleus size to flux across the nucleus-solution interface. The model retains some characteristics of the classical nucleation theory because of the common theoretical foundations behind… (More)

Recent simulations of crystal nucleation from a compressed liquid of oppositely charged colloids show that the natural Brownian dynamics results in nuclei of a charge-disordered FCC (DFCC) solid whereas artificially accelerated dynamics with charge swap moves result in charge-ordered nuclei of a CsCl phase. These results were interpreted as a breakdown of… (More)

From a hypothetical perfect dividing surface, all trajectories commit to opposite basins in forward and backward time without recrossing, transition state theory is exact, the transmission coefficient is one, and the committor distribution is perfectly focused at 1/2. However, chemical reactions in solution and other real systems often have dynamical… (More)

Many schemes for calculating reaction rates and free energy barriers require an accurate reaction coordinate, but it is difficult to quantify reaction coordinate accuracy for complex processes like protein folding and nucleation. The histogram test, based on estimated committor probabilities, is often used as a qualitative indicator for good reaction… (More)

We determine the mechanism for the liquid-solid phase transition in the Lennard-Jones fluid close to coexistence with aimless shooting and likelihood maximization. The reaction coordinate for this process is a product of a structural descriptor and the size of the nascent solid nucleus and is quantitatively verified with the committor probability histogram… (More)

The power of transition-state theory (TST) for understanding enzymes is evidenced by its recent use in the design and synthesis of highly active de novo enzymes. However, dynamics can influence reaction kinetics, and some studies of rate-promoting vibrations even claim that dynamical theories instead of TST are needed to understand enzymatic reaction… (More)

In the high friction limit of Kramers' theory, the diffusion coefficient for motion along the reaction coordinate is a crucial parameter in determining reaction rates from mean first passage times. The Einstein relation between mean squared displacement, time, and diffusivity is inaccurate at short times because of ballistic motion and inaccurate at long… (More)