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This paper is part of a PLoS Medicine series on maternal, newborn, and child health in Africa. Nearly 4.7 million mothers, newborns, and children die each year in sub-Saharan Africa: 265,000 mothers die due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth [1]; 1,208,000 babies die before they reach one month of age [2]; and 3,192,000 children, who survived(More)
The purpose of this paper is to provide a broad overview of the recent patterns and trends of urban growth in developing countries. Over the last 20 years many urban areas have experienced dramatic growth, as a result of rapid population growth and as the world's economy has been transformed by a combination of rapid technological and political change.(More)
This paper is part of a PLoS Medicine series on maternal, neonatal, and child health in Africa Priority Setting—Implicit or Explicit? Priority setting is required in every health care system. It guides investments in health care and health research, and respects resource constraints. It happens continuously, with or without appropriate tools or processes.(More)
  • J Foote, B Cohen
  • 1998
Medicinal herb use, although a popular branch of alternative medicine, may be inappropriate for the renal patient. The pharmacological activity, chemical components, and microbial content of herbs, as well as their ability to interfere with prescription medications, make medicinal herbs potentially dangerous for the renal patient. The purpose of this report(More)
Numerous legal and ethical issues are raised by the use of surrogate arrangements as a reproductive alternative. The purpose of this article is to provide physicians and other health care professionals with a basic overview of the legal issues and to outline some of the ethical considerations so that they might make more well-informed decisions about their(More)