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OBJECTIVES Asphyxia and hypothermia may modify drug pharmacokinetics. We investigated whether analgesia with morphine in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy undergoing prolonged moderate systemic hypothermia resulted in elevated serum morphine concentrations compared with normothermic infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS Infants from 1 center(More)
Gastric proton pump inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of dyspeptic problems and for the eradication of H. pylori infection. Data are not available on whether omeprazole, a representative of proton pump inhibitors, influences the function of osteoclastic H+-pump in children. We studied the impact of short-term omeprazole administration on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent data have indicated the significance of vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We have studied the association of five known restriction enzyme polymorphisms of the VDR gene in patients with T1DM. DESIGN AND METHODS One hundred and seven children with T1DM (T1DM for 5 Years; age, 1-14 Years; boys/girls,(More)
Postischaemic acute renal failure (ARF) is influenced by sex. Na(+), K(+)-ATPase (NKA) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of postischaemic ARF. We tested the impact of sex on mRNA, protein expression, cellular distribution and enzyme activity of NKA following renal ischaemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. The left renal pedicle of uninephrectomized female(More)
AIM Asphyxia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in term infants. In addition to cerebral injury other organs are also distressed due to hypoxic-ischaemic insult. Systemic hypothermia has a beneficial effect on brain injury. We tested the impact of hypothermia on hypoxic damage of other internal organs. METHODS Asphyxiated term neonates (n = 21)(More)
The 620Trp variant of the LYP protein, encoded by the lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase 22 gene (PTPN22), is associated with autoimmunity. In this study we aimed at characterising the role of this variant on lymphocyte activation. We analysed cytokine secretion and proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and CD4(+)T cells in a cohort of(More)
Several lines of evidence support the hypothesis that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia (PE). VEGF is a key component in the regulation of vascular remodelling and the survival of cytotrophoblasts in the placenta. In this case-control study, we aimed to test whether VEGF genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma iron is increased in preeclampsia (PE) when compared to healthy pregnant women. This is in contrast to inflammation characteristic for PE. The link between iron homeostasis and inflammation is hepcidin. Our goal was to describe hepcidin concentrations and its association with iron homeostasis in PE. METHODS We obtained peripheral blood(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of the genes involved in angiogenesis, the inflammatory cascade or apoptosis control can influence the chronic complications of diabetic patients. Parallel evaluation of multiple genetic polymorphisms became available with the development of DNA resequencing arrays. We aimed to develop a 16-gene, 18,859-nucleotide resequencing array to(More)