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Worldwide, over 1 million cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) were reported in 2002, with a 50% mortality rate, making CRC the second most common cancer in adults. Certain racial/ethnic populations continue to experience a disproportionate burden of CRC. A common polymorphism in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene has been associated with(More)
The antiproliferative effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the presence of low dose non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on high cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-expressing HCA-7 and low COX-2-expressing HT-29 colon carcinoma cell lines was investigated. Pharmacogenetic parameters were studied to characterize the 5-FU sensitivity of the two cell lines.(More)
Association between rectal or colon cancer risk and serine hydroxymethyltransferase 1 (SHMT1) C1420T or methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphisms was assessed. The serum total homocysteine (HCY), marker of folate metabolism was also investigated. The SHMT1 and MTHFR genotypes were determined by real-time PCR and PCR-RFLP, respectively(More)
BACKGROUND Owing to recent discoveries of many hydrogen sulfide-mediated physiological processes, sulfide biology is in the focus of scientific research. However, the promiscuous chemical properties of sulfide pose complications for biological studies, which led to accumulation of controversial observations in the literature. SCOPE OF REVIEW We intend to(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is highly expressed in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). The efficacy and toxicity of cetuximab with concomitant platinum-based chemoradio- or chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic ACC, respectively, was evaluated. METHODS Eligible patients (9 with locally advanced tumour and 12 with(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) develops in at least 80% of cases in men with a history of smoking and heavy alcohol consumption, still it is only diagnosed in a small proportion of alcoholics. Endocrine milieu is an important factor in carcinogenesis and prognosis of several cancer types. The aim of our study was to investigate sex steroid(More)
Epidemiological studies suggested the chemopreventive role of higher calcium intake in colorectal carcinogenesis. We examined genetic polymorphisms that might influence calcium metabolism: lactase (LCT) gene 13910 C/T polymorphism causing lactose intolerance and calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene A986S polymorphism as a responsible factor for the altered(More)
BACKGROUND Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be able to enhance the antitumor effect of cancer drugs. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is the best characterized target of NSAIDs. It was demonstrated that elevated dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and COX-2 activities influence the response to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). We previously showed that(More)
The cytotoxic effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is mediated by the inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS), however, at the same time 5-FU is catabolized by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD). Efficacy of 5-FU may therefore depend on the TS and DPD activity and on pharmacogenetic factors influencing these enzymes. Our aims were (1) to determine the(More)