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The antiproliferative effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the presence of low dose non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on high cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-expressing HCA-7 and low COX-2-expressing HT-29 colon carcinoma cell lines was investigated. Pharmacogenetic parameters were studied to characterize the 5-FU sensitivity of the two cell lines.(More)
Epidemiological studies suggested the chemopreventive role of higher calcium intake in colorectal carcinogenesis. We examined genetic polymorphisms that might influence calcium metabolism: lactase (LCT) gene 13910 C/T polymorphism causing lactose intolerance and calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene A986S polymorphism as a responsible factor for the altered(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective study compares the characteristics of cystic disease of the breast (CDB) of patients who developed breast cancer (BCa) during the follow-up (1.25-4 years) period with those who did not. MATERIALS AND METHODS K+, Na+, albumin, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHA), DHA-sulphate, oestrone, oestradiol, testosterone and progesterone levels(More)
Association between rectal or colon cancer risk and serine hydroxymethyltransferase 1 (SHMT1) C1420T or methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphisms was assessed. The serum total homocysteine (HCY), marker of folate metabolism was also investigated. The SHMT1 and MTHFR genotypes were determined by real-time PCR and PCR-RFLP, respectively(More)
BACKGROUND Owing to recent discoveries of many hydrogen sulfide-mediated physiological processes, sulfide biology is in the focus of scientific research. However, the promiscuous chemical properties of sulfide pose complications for biological studies, which led to accumulation of controversial observations in the literature. SCOPE OF REVIEW We intend to(More)
BACKGROUND Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be able to enhance the antitumor effect of cancer drugs. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is the best characterized target of NSAIDs. It was demonstrated that elevated dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) and COX-2 activities influence the response to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). We previously showed that(More)
The cytotoxic effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is mediated by the inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS), however, at the same time 5-FU is catabolized by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD). Efficacy of 5-FU may therefore depend on the TS and DPD activity and on pharmacogenetic factors influencing these enzymes. Our aims were (1) to determine the(More)
The present study aimed to prospectively investigate the influence of thymidylate synthase (TS) polymorphisms (5'-TSER, 3'-TSUTR) on the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who were treated with adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) therapy. Patients were followed up for 19+/-14 months (median+/-SD). TS(More)
The relationship between the composition of breast cyst fluid (BCF), the menstrual status and in addition some endocrine events in the history of patients (n = 131) with gross cystic breast disease was investigated. The dehydroepiandrosterone (DHA) levels in type II (K+/Na+ < 1) cysts of the follicular group were significantly higher compared to the type II(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to investigate whether specific combinations of polymorphisms in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) metabolism-related genes were associated with outcome in 5-FU-based adjuvant treatment of colorectal cancer. METHODS We analyzed two cohorts of 302 and 290 patients, respectively, one cohort for exploratory analyses and another cohort(More)