Leptin and cholecystokinin (CCK) have a synergistic interaction in the suppression of food intake, and afford similar gastroprotective activity. The present study was designed to investigate the putative protective effects of CCK and leptin on acute colonic inflammation. Leptin or CCK-8s was injected to rats intraperitoneally immediately before and 6 h… (More)
The present study was designed to determine whether exogenous leptin reduces remote organ injury in the rats with thermal burn trauma. Leptin (10 microg/kg) or saline was administered intraperitoneally after burn injury, and the rats were decapitated at either 6 or 24 h. Plasma samples of 24-h burn group were assayed for the determination of monocyte and… (More)
The present study was designed to compare the effect of leptin on acute colonic inflammation with that of acute stress exposure, which acts via the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes were administered intrarectally with acetic acid. Either leptin (10 microg/kg; i.p.) or saline was injected immediately before and 6 h… (More)
Amputee patients spend more energy during walking than able-bodied persons. It is generally accepted that more proximal amputation is associated with more energy need. However, the picture is not clear, especially for partial foot amputees. The purpose of this study was to compare the energy consumption of walking in traumatic unilateral amputees with three… (More)
In the case presented below, we observed abductor pollicis longus (APL) dividing into five sections shortly after exiting the first compartment. Many variations of APL may be seen and it is essential to know these variations in the practice of hand surgery.
Deviated cartilages structures of the nose can be affected by nasal muscles, and deviation becomes conspicuous when the patient smiles. This condition depends on activity of nasal muscles, particularly the levator labii alaeque nasi muscle. A total of 124 septorhinoplasty operations were performed to correct dorsal concave septal deviation between 2005 and… (More)