Bared Safieh-Garabedian

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1. Peripheral inflammation is characterized by heightened pain sensitivity. This hyperalgesia is the consequence of the release of inflammatory mediators, cytokines and growth factors. A key participant is the induction of the neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF) by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta). 2. Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) has been shown(More)
Experimental inflammation produced by an intraplantar injection of complete Freund's adjuvant results in local sensory hypersensitivity and up-regulates the neuropeptides substance P and calcitonin gene related peptide in the primary sensory neurons innervating the inflamed tissue. The inflammation also elevates nerve growth factor levels in the skin.(More)
1. Peripheral inflammation is associated with the local production of neuroactive inflammatory cytokines and growth factors. These may contribute to inflammatory pain and hyperalgesia by directly or indirectly altering the function or chemical phenotype of responsive primary sensory neurones. 2. To investigate this, inflammation was produced by the(More)
Cytokines, peptide hormones and neurotransmitters, as well as their receptors/ligands, are endogenous to the brain, endocrine and immune systems. These shared ligands and receptors are used as a common chemical language for communication within and between the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Such communication suggests an immunoregulatory role for the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide, also known as endotoxin (ET), is a major constituent of the outer membrane of the cell wall of most gram negative bacteria. ET is known to cause a number of pathophysiological changes associated with illness including inflammatory pain. The aim of this study is to characterize the peripheral hyperalgesia induced by ET in rats and mice.(More)
Levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) in rat hindpaw skin, measured with a sensitive two-site enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, show two peaks during normal development. The first (57 +/- 5 pg mg-1) occurs at embryonic days (E) 18-20 and coincides with the arrival of axon terminals into the hindpaw skin. The second, larger peak (132 +/- 10 pg mg-1), occurs(More)
The signalling mechanisms in oxidative stress mediated by cytokines in the perinatal alveolar epithelium are not well known. In an in vitro model of fetal alveolar type II epithelial cells, we investigated the profile of cytokines in response to ascending Deltap O(2)regimen (oxyexcitation). The peak of TNF-alpha (4 h) preceded IL-1beta and IL-6 (6-9 h),(More)
1. Intraplantar endotoxin (ET) injection (1.25 micrograms) into the hind paw of rats resulted in a localized inflammatory hyperalgesia, as assessed by paw pressure (PP), paw immersion (PI), tail flick (TF) and hot plate (HP) tests. 2. ET injection resulted in a significant elevation in the levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and nerve growth factor(More)
The therapeutic immunopharmacological potential of glutathione in the alveolar epithelium is not well characterized. We developed an in vitro model of fetal alveolar type II epithelial cells to investigate the effect of redox disequilibrium on chemioxyexcitation (DeltapO(2)/ROS) induced up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Buthionine sulfoximine, an(More)
Capsaicin-sensitive primary afferents (CSPA) are known to be involved in nociception and neurogenic inflammation. Extensive research has been devoted to the sensory role of these fibres but less attention has been paid to their local effector function. This study aimed at gaining more insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the neurogenic(More)