Barbro Patterson

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Cold-sensitive myosin mutants represent powerful tools for dissecting discrete deficiencies in myosin function. Biochemical characterization of two such mutants, G680V and G691C, has allowed us to identify separate facets of myosin motor function perturbed by each alteration. Compared with wild type, the G680V myosin exhibits a substantially enhanced(More)
Endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) administration induce hypophagia in rodents. Both IL-1 and LPS are known to activate cerebral norepinephrine and serotonin metabolism, and IL-1 affects that of acetylcholine and histamine. Each of these neurotransmitters has been implicated in feeding behavior. Therefore, the ability of specific(More)
To investigate the function of the U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) in pre-mRNA splicing, we have screened for factors that genetically interact with Saccharomyces cerevisiae U5 snRNA. We isolated trans-acting mutations that exacerbate the phenotypes of conditional alleles of the U5 snRNA and named these genes SLU, for synergistically lethal with(More)
There has been a long-standing belief that the mechanisms of mammalian and yeast splicing differ fundamentally in their requirement for a pyrimidine-rich motif preceding the 3' splice site. Using an in vivo assay, we have tested the influence of uridine content on competition between alternative 3' splice sites in yeast. We find that a uridine-rich tract(More)
Yeast contains at least 24 snRNAs, many of which are dispensable for viability. We recently demonstrated that a small subset of these RNAs has a functional binding site for the Sm antigen, a hallmark of metazoan snRNAs involved in mRNA processing. Here we show that one of these snRNAs, snR7, is required for growth. To determine the biochemical basis of(More)
Dictyostelium provides a powerful environment for characterization of myosin II function. It provides well-established biochemical methods for in vitro analysis of myosin's properties as well as an array of molecular genetic tools. The absence of myosin function results in an array of phenotypes that can be used to genetically manipulate myosin function. We(More)
We are using intragenic suppression to generate inferences about currently inaccessible conformations of the molecular motor myosin. We identified 19 unique suppressors of Dictyostelium G680A and G680V mutants and find that they are structurally and chemically restricted, suggestive of specific, compensatory mechanisms of action. Suppressors cluster in two(More)
Dictyostelium cells that lack a functional myosin II heavy chain are motile and are capable of aggregation, but fail to undergo further multicellular development. We have used a Dictyostelium mutant expressing a cold-sensitive myosin heavy chain to examine the requirement for myosin throughout the course of development. The loss of myosin function upon(More)