Barbro M Nermell

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Because of the lack of data on the exposure to and toxic effects of inorganic arsenic during early human development, the transfer of arsenic to the fetus and suckling infant was studied in a native Andean population, living in the village San Antonio de los Cobres in the North west of Argentina, where the drinking water contains about 200 micrograms/liter.(More)
The metabolism of inorganic arsenic (As) in native women in four Andean villages in north-western Argentina with elevated levels of As in the drinking water (2.5, 14, 31, and 200 micrograms/1, respectively) has been investigated. Collected foods contained 9-427 micrograms As/kg wet weight, with the highest concentrations in soup. Total As concentrations in(More)
Measurements of intake and uptake of cadmium in relation to diet composition were carried out in 57 nonsmoking women, 20-50 years of age. A vegetarian/high-fiber diet and a mixed-diet group were constructed based on results from a food frequency questionnaire. Duplicate diets and the corresponding feces were collected during 4 consecutive days in parallel(More)
Most mammals methylate inorganic arsenic (As) to methylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid, which are rapidly excreted in the urine. Previous studies have shown that, in contrast to humans, all experimental animals excrete very little MMA. With the aim of finding an appropriate animal model for studies on inorganic As metabolism and toxicity, we(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to arsenic through drinking water has been associated with impaired cognitive function in school-aged children in a few cross-sectional studies; however, there is little information on critical windows of exposure. METHODS We conducted a population-based longitudinal study in rural Bangladesh. We assessed the association of arsenic(More)
This study concerns the metabolism of inorganic arsenic (As) in children in three villages in northern Argentina: San Antonio de los Cobres and Taco Pozo, each with about 200 microg As/l in the drinking water, and Rosario de Lerma, with 0.65 microg As/l. Findings show that the concentrations of As in the blood and urine of the children in the two As-rich(More)
BACKGROUND Arsenic (As) occurs as monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) in humans, and the methylation pattern demonstrates large interindividual differences. The fraction of urinary MMA is a marker for susceptibility to As-related diseases. OBJECTIVES We evaluated the impact of polymorphisms in five methyltransferase genes on As(More)
The susceptibility to arsenic-induced diseases differs greatly between individuals, possibly due to interindividual variations in As metabolism that affect retention and distribution of toxic metabolites. To elucidate the role of genetic factors in As metabolism, we studied how polymorphisms in six genes affected the urinary metabolite pattern in a group of(More)
Chronic exposure to arsenic, a potent carcinogen and toxicant, via drinking water is a worldwide public health problem. Because little is known about early-life effects of arsenic on immunity, we evaluated the impact of in utero exposure on infant immune parameters and morbidity in a pilot study. Pregnant women were enrolled at 6-10 weeks of gestation in(More)
Manganese exposure and biomarker concentrations during early pregnancy and lactation were investigated in 408 women living in an area with elevated concentrations of both arsenic and manganese in drinking water derived from wells. About 40% of the water samples had manganese concentrations above the World Health Organization's guideline value and showed a(More)