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Because of the lack of data on the exposure to and toxic effects of inorganic arsenic during early human development, the transfer of arsenic to the fetus and suckling infant was studied in a native Andean population, living in the village San Antonio de los Cobres in the North west of Argentina, where the drinking water contains about 200 micrograms/liter.(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to arsenic through drinking water has been associated with impaired cognitive function in school-aged children in a few cross-sectional studies; however, there is little information on critical windows of exposure. METHODS We conducted a population-based longitudinal study in rural Bangladesh. We assessed the association of arsenic(More)
This study concerns the metabolism of inorganic arsenic (As) in children in three villages in northern Argentina: San Antonio de los Cobres and Taco Pozo, each with about 200 microg As/l in the drinking water, and Rosario de Lerma, with 0.65 microg As/l. Findings show that the concentrations of As in the blood and urine of the children in the two As-rich(More)
Measurements of intake and uptake of cadmium in relation to diet composition were carried out in 57 nonsmoking women, 20-50 years of age. A vegetarian/high-fiber diet and a mixed-diet group were constructed based on results from a food frequency questionnaire. Duplicate diets and the corresponding feces were collected during 4 consecutive days in parallel(More)
This study assessed the exposure of pregnant women to arsenic in Matlab, Bangladesh, an area with highly-elevated concentrations of arsenic in tubewells, by measuring concentrations of arsenic in urine. In a defined administrative area, all new pregnancies were identified by urine test in gestational week 6-8, and women were asked to participate in the(More)
Chronic exposure to arsenic, a potent carcinogen and toxicant, via drinking water is a worldwide public health problem. Because little is known about early-life effects of arsenic on immunity, we evaluated the impact of in utero exposure on infant immune parameters and morbidity in a pilot study. Pregnant women were enrolled at 6-10 weeks of gestation in(More)
The metabolism of inorganic arsenic (As) in native women in four Andean villages in north-western Argentina with elevated levels of As in the drinking water (2.5, 14, 31, and 200 micrograms/1, respectively) has been investigated. Collected foods contained 9-427 micrograms As/kg wet weight, with the highest concentrations in soup. Total As concentrations in(More)
Most mammals methylate inorganic arsenic (As) to methylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid, which are rapidly excreted in the urine. Previous studies have shown that, in contrast to humans, all experimental animals excrete very little MMA. With the aim of finding an appropriate animal model for studies on inorganic As metabolism and toxicity, we(More)
This study aims at evaluating the suitability of adjusting urinary concentrations of arsenic, or any other urinary biomarker, for variations in urine dilution by creatinine and specific gravity in a malnourished population. We measured the concentrations of metabolites of inorganic arsenic, creatinine and specific gravity in spot urine samples collected(More)
OBJECTIVES The susceptibility to arsenic (As)-induced diseases differs greatly between individuals, probably to a large extent due to genetic differences in arsenic metabolism. The aim for this study was to identify genetic variants affecting arsenic metabolism. METHODS We evaluated the association between urinary metabolite pattern and polymorphisms in(More)