Barbra L. McFarlin

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We conducted a retrospective study of 411 women to determine whether a significant relationship existed between method of infant feeding (breast vs bottle) and postpartum weight loss at 6 weeks and 12 months. In addition to method of infant feeding, the variables parity, gravidity, mode of delivery, maternal age, maternal prepregnancy weight, infant sex,(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about which cases of maternal syphilis will affect the newborn. Because of the current epidemic of syphilis in pregnancy in our city, we sought to identify risk factors during pregnancy associated with congenital infection. STUDY DESIGN We reviewed 253 cases of maternal syphilis prospectively identified over a 1-year period. On(More)
To document the use of herbal preparations for cervical ripening, induction, and augmentation of labor by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) and nurse-midwifery education programs, a national survey of 500 members of the American College of Nurse-Midwives was conducted. Forty eight nurse-midwifery education programs were also surveyed to determine whether they(More)
Syphilis has re-emerged as a significant public health problem for pregnant women and their babies in Michigan, US, and in many areas of the world. In the US over 50,000 cases of primary and secondary syphilis were reported to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1990. Due to the current epidemic of maternal syphilis in pregnancy in our city, we studied(More)
The future of biomedical imaging involves obtaining quantitative diagnostic information about tissue structure and function rather than just relying on qualitative structural assessments. Ultrasound attenuation or loss of signal within tissue can be used to quantify micro-structural changes in the tissue consistent with cervical remodeling. In order to(More)
We present the application of Fourier transform-second-harmonic generation (FT-SHG) imaging to evaluate the arrangement of collagen fibers in five nonpregnant rat cervices. Tissue slices from the mid-cervix and near the external orifice of the cervix were analyzed in both two-dimensions (2D) and three-dimensions (3D). We validate that the cervical(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is a powerful method of investigating the relationship between metabolism and function in living tissues. We present evidence that the phosphorus 31 spectra of myometrium and placenta are functions of physiologic state and gestational age. Specific spectroscopic abnormalities are observed in association with disorders(More)
The intra- and interexaminer reliability of three fundal height measurement techniques (two tape measure and one caliper) was studied in a convenience sample of 60 pregnant women. The three measurements were obtained twice by two examiners. Four examiners with varying levels of clinical experience participated in the study; one examiner obtained(More)