Barbra L. McFarlin

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To document the use of herbal preparations for cervical ripening, induction, and augmentation of labor by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) and nurse-midwifery education programs, a national survey of 500 members of the American College of Nurse-Midwives was conducted. Forty eight nurse-midwifery education programs were also surveyed to determine whether they(More)
The intra- and interexaminer reliability of three fundal height measurement techniques (two tape measure and one caliper) was studied in a convenience sample of 60 pregnant women. The three measurements were obtained twice by two examiners. Four examiners with varying levels of clinical experience participated in the study; one examiner obtained(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine how accurately clinicians can identify the uppermost border of the uterine fundus when they obtain fundal height measurements. Clinicians were instructed to identify the uppermost border of the uterine fundus in their usual manner and make a small pen mark on the maternal abdomen at that point. Real-time(More)
The effect of maternal position on fundal height measurements was studied in 192 nonobese women between 21 and 36 weeks of gestation. Four clinicians participated in the study and each clinician obtained measurements on 48 women. Fundal height measurements were obtained in each of four positions: supine; trunk elevation; knee flexion; and trunk elevation(More)
The future of biomedical imaging involves obtaining quantitative diagnostic information about tissue structure and function rather than just relying on qualitative structural assessments. Ultrasound attenuation or loss of signal within tissue can be used to quantify micro-structural changes in the tissue consistent with cervical remodeling. In order to(More)
We sought to determine: (1) the perinatal outcomes in the subsequent pregnancy; (2) the natural history of serologic titers over the course of the two pregnancies; and (3) the incidence and risk factors for delivering an infant with congenital syphilis in the subsequent pregnancy. Over a five-year period, we reviewed the charts of 46 women with maternal(More)
We conducted a retrospective study of 411 women to determine whether a significant relationship existed between method of infant feeding (breast vs bottle) and postpartum weight loss at 6 weeks and 12 months. In addition to method of infant feeding, the variables parity, gravidity, mode of delivery, maternal age, maternal prepregnancy weight, infant sex,(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about which cases of maternal syphilis will affect the newborn. Because of the current epidemic of syphilis in pregnancy in our city, we sought to identify risk factors during pregnancy associated with congenital infection. STUDY DESIGN We reviewed 253 cases of maternal syphilis prospectively identified over a 1-year period. On(More)