Learn More
The development of consensus guidelines for obesity is complex. It involves recommending both treatment interventions and interventions related to screening and prevention. With so many publications and claims, and with the awareness that success for the individual is short-lived, many find it difficult to know what action is appropriate in the management(More)
Analyses of beat-to-beat interval variations on a continuous electrocardiogram and cardiovascular reaction during deep breathing and handgrip exercise were used as a test for autonomic nervous function in 35 obese and 18 control women. Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in obesity indicates depression in parasympathetic activity. Indices of HRV were(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), TNF-soluble receptors, and IL-6 in obese women without additional diseases and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN The study group consisted of 39 obese women with PCOS and 34 age-matched obese women without(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Our aim was to evaluate early initiated one month n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplementation effects on ultrasound indices of endothelial function and serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS Forty patients with AMI and successful percutaneous coronary(More)
A series of four trials was carried out to investigate the effects of caffeine and coffee on the metabolic rate and substrate utilization in normal weight and obese individuals. In the first trial 8 mg/kg caffeine was compared with a placebo in normal weight subjects. Metabolic rate increased significantly during the 3 hr after caffeine ingestion. While(More)
Obese patients are prone to arterial hypertension, require more antihypertensive medications, and have an increased risk of treatment-resistant arterial hypertension. Obesity-induced neurohumoral activation appears to be involved. The association between obesity and hypertension shows large inter-individual variability, likely through genetic mechanisms.(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine serum concentrations of visfatin in obese women in comparison to normal-weight controls. Study subjects were 21 obese women without additional disease (age, 29.0+/-4.9 years; body mass index, 37.1+/-6.1 kg/m2) and 16 healthy, normal-weight women (age, 29.9+/-5.4 years; body mass index, 22.5+/-1.7 kg/m2). Body(More)
Thirteen obese and 13 lean women were each exposed to a hot-humid condition (Tdb = 47 degrees C, Twb = 39 degrees C) for 1 hr. Measurements included rates of heart beat, respiration, sweat evaporation, and resting metabolism, and the rectal and mean skin temperatures. Resting metabolic rate was calculated from oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether weight reducing treatment modulates serum concentration of TNF-alpha and two soluble TNF-alpha receptors in obese subjects. SUBJECTS AND MEASUREMENTS Serum concentrations of TNF-alpha and two soluble receptors (sTNF-R1, sTNF-R2), plasma glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglicerides were measured in 27(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of the present study was to examine how weight loss treatment modulates plasma concentrations of ghrelin and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in obese women and to determine whether there is any association with possible changes in plasma concentrations of these hormones after weight loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study group(More)