Barbara Y. Ho

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Wild-type and mutant serotonin 1A receptors were transiently expressed in COS-7 cells using the infection-transfection variant of the vaccinia virus/T7 polymerase vector system. The amino acid substitutions in the transmembrane regions, Asp82-->Asn82, Asp116-->Asn116, and Ser198-->Ala198 all resulted in a decrease in affinity for 5-HT by 60-100-fold,(More)
An in vitro model has been devised so that mixtures of human tumor cells can be grown together for studies related to drug-induced or -selected changes in sensitivity. In the studies reported here, two human astrocytoma clones, one sensitive and one resistant to 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-(4-methylcyclohexyl)-1-nitrosourea (MeCCNU), were carefully matched for(More)
The rat brain IIA Na+ channel alpha-subunit was expressed and studied in mammalian cells. Cells were infected with a recombinant vaccinia virus (VV) carrying the bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase gene and were transfected with cDNA encoding the IIA Na+ channel alpha-subunit under control of a T7 promoter. Whole-cell patch-clamp recording showed that(More)
Electrically excitable channels were expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells using a vaccinia virus vector system. In cells expressing rat brain IIA Na+ channels only, brief pulses (< 1 ms) of depolarizing current resulted in action potentials with a prolonged (0.5-3 s) depolarizing plateau; this plateau was caused by slow and incomplete Na+ channel(More)
In cardiac atrial cells, muscarinic acetylcholine receptors activate a K+ current directly via a guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein). Serotonin type 1A receptors may activate a similar pathway in hippocampal neurons. To develop a system in which receptor/G protein/K+ channel coupling can be experimentally manipulated, we have used a highly(More)
We have shown in earlier studies that repeated weekly exposures of a human astrocytoma clone (AST 3–4) to MeCCNU (10 μg/ml for 1 h per week) produced a linear decrease in survival over the first 3 weekly treatments. But, after that time these cells became progressively more resistant to the 10 μg/ml concentration of the agent. In the studies reported here(More)
An aspartate-to-alanine point mutation in the catalytic domain (D853A) of guanylyl cyclase-C (GC-C), the heat-stable enterotoxin (STa) receptor, rendered the enzyme catalytically inactive. Mn2+/Triton X-100-stimulated guanylyl cyclase activity was detected in membranes from COS7 cells overexpressing GC-C but not GC-CD853A. STa treatment of paired cells(More)
The co-infection or infection-transfection variants of the T7 RNA polymerase/vaccinia vector system were used to express 5-HT1ARs in COS-7, BSC-40 and GH3 cells, with co-infection giving ca. 3-fold higher level than infection-transfection. Binding affinities were similar to those of the endogenous 5-HT1AR, with highest affinities for 5-HT and 8-OH-DPAT.(More)
A clone of human gastric cancer cells (AGS-6) and the parental line (AGS-P) from which it was isolated were used in cell survival studies to determine whether pretreatment for 24, 48 or 72h with α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO, 5mM) would increase the cell's sensitivity to 5-Fluorouracil (5FU), Adriamycin (Adria), 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-(4-methyl(More)
An in vitro model has been devised so that mixtures of human tumor cells can be grown together for studies related to drug-induced or -selected changes in sensitivity. In the studies reported here, two human astrocytoma clones, one sensitive and one resistant to l-(2-i-hIorocthyl)3-(4-methylcyclohexyI)-l-mrrosourea (MeCCNU), were carefully matched for(More)
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