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Virus-specific T-helper cells are considered critical for the control of chronic viral infections. Successful treatment of acute HIV-1 infection leads to augmentation of these responses, but whether this enhances immune control has not been determined. We administered one or two supervised treatment interruptions to eight subjects with treated acute(More)
Although monoclonal B-cell populations can be identified both by surface-marker analysis and by immunoglobulin-gene rearrangements, this has not been possible with T cells. We have employed cDNA probes that are specific for the entire beta chain of the T-cell receptor, and for its constant and variable regions, to investigate gene rearrangements in T-cell(More)
Serum erythropoietin (Ep) levels were measured by radioimmunoassay in 70 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) to evaluate the influence of the mode of dialysis on the relationship between serum Ep levels and the severity of anemia. Thirty-five patients were on hemodialysis (HD), seven were on intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD), and 28 were on(More)
The recent identification of messenger RNAs encoding renin and angiotensinogen in nonrenal tissues raises the possibility that angiotensins (Ang) may be formed extrarenally and released into the plasma. The aim of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that plasma angiotensins may originate from extrarenal sites. Twenty-five patients with chronic(More)
The potent and primate-selective renin inhibitor A-64662 (n = 8) or vehicle (n = 6) was administered intravenously for 7 days to sodium-depleted cynomolgus monkeys to investigate the chronic effects on arterial pressure, sodium excretion, and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. A 0.1-mg/kg i.v. bolus followed by a continuous 0.01-mg/kg/min infusion of(More)
Thromboxane has been implicated in the pathogenesis of maternal hypertension in high-risk pregnancies, but potential abnormalities in thromboxane-mediated constriction of fetoplacental vessels has not been examined. Using the isolated perfused fetoplacental cotyledon, we compared the vasoconstrictor responses to a thromboxane mimetic, U46619, in placentae(More)
A previously healthy 74 year old woman presented with T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and a mediastinal mass. The circulating lymphocytes were small to medium in size (some with convoluted nuclei) and W rosette-positive; they could be assigned to the inducer-helper subset of T cells with the acid of monoclonal(More)
In the United States, the incidence of end-stage renal disease to hypertension has increased sharply over the last 8 years, especially in elderly white dialysis patients who demonstrate very poor survival rates. The 5-year survival rates were near 20% for patients 65 to 74 years old and 9% for those > or = 75 years of age. Our program experienced a sharp(More)