Barbara White

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The social amoebae are exceptional in their ability to alternate between unicellular and multicellular forms. Here we describe the genome of the best-studied member of this group, Dictyostelium discoideum. The gene-dense chromosomes of this organism encode approximately 12,500 predicted proteins, a high proportion of which have long, repetitive amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease characterized by aberrant epidermal differentiation, surface scale formation, and marked cutaneous inflammation. To better understand the pathogenesis of this disease and identify potential mediators, we used whole genome array analysis to profile paired lesional and nonlesional psoriatic skin and skin from(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of oral cyclophosphamide on lung function and health-related symptoms in patients with evidence of active alveolitis and scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease. METHODS At 13 clinical centers throughout the United States, we enrolled 158 patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Remission in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an increasingly attainable goal, but there is no widely used definition of remission that is stringent but achievable and could be applied uniformly as an outcome measure in clinical trials. This work was undertaken to develop such a definition. METHODS A committee consisting of members of the American(More)
Plasmodium knowlesi is an intracellular malaria parasite whose natural vertebrate host is Macaca fascicularis (the 'kra' monkey); however, it is now increasingly recognized as a significant cause of human malaria, particularly in southeast Asia. Plasmodium knowlesi was the first malaria parasite species in which antigenic variation was demonstrated, and it(More)
BACKGROUND Lung inflammation (alveolitis) may cause lung fibrosis in scleroderma. OBJECTIVE To determine whether cyclophosphamide treatment is associated with retention of lung function and improved survival in scleroderma patients with alveolitis. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Johns Hopkins and University of Maryland Scleroderma Center.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study addresses the hypothesis that a profibrotic pattern of cytokines is produced in the lungs of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and causes fibrosis. METHODS Using a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction technique, interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) messenger RNA (mRNA) were measured in(More)
OBJECTIVE Assessment of the inter and intraobserver variability of the modified Rodnan (m-Rodnan) total skin thickness score by clinical palpation [a commonly used outcome measure in trials of systemic sclerosis (SSc)]. METHODS Skin thickness was assessed by clinical palpation of 17 body areas on 0 to 3 scale (normal, mild, moderate, severe). The m-Rodnan(More)
OBJECTIVE To make recommendations on how to report disease activity in clinical trials of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) endorsed by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). METHODS The project followed the EULAR standardised operating procedures, which use a three-step approach: (1) expert-based definition(More)