Barbara W. Henderson

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Preclinical studies have shown that photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumors augments the host antitumor immune response. However, the role of the PDT effect on tumor cells as opposed to the host tissues has not been determined. To test the contribution of the direct effects of PDT on tumor cells to the enhanced antitumor response by the host, we examined the(More)
The rate of light delivery (fluence rate) plays a critical role in photodynamic therapy (PDT) through its control of tumor oxygenation. This study tests the hypothesis that fluence rate also influences the inflammatory responses associated with PDT. PDT regimens of two different fluences (48 and 128 J/cm(2)) were designed for the Colo 26 murine tumor that(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumour results in the rapid induction of an inflammatory response that is considered important for the activation of antitumour immunity, but may be detrimental if excessive. The response is characterised by the infiltration of leucocytes, predominantly neutrophils, into the treated tumour. Several preclinical studies have(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a Food and Drug Administration-approved local cancer treatment that can be curative of early disease and palliative in advanced disease. PDT of murine tumors results in regimen-dependent induction of an acute local inflammatory reaction, characterized in part by rapid neutrophil infiltration into the treated tumor bed. In this(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from an existing vasculature, is requisite for tumor growth. It entails intercellular coordination of endothelial and tumor cells through angiogenic growth factor signaling. Interruption of these events has implications in the suppression of tumor growth. PD166285, a broad-spectrum receptor tyrosine kinase(More)
It has been proposed that the generation of O2 during photodynamic therapy (PDT) may lead to photochemical depletion of ambient tumour oxygen, thus causing acute hypoxia and limiting treatment effectiveness. We have studied the effects of fluence rate on pO2, in the murine RIF tumour during and after PDT using 5 mg kg(-1) Photofrin and fluence rates of 30,(More)
Using the photosensitizer 2-[1-hexyloxyethyl]-2-devinyl pyropheophorbide-a, we have determined that photodynamic therapy (PDT) can be used to facilitate the delivery of macromolecular agents. PDT regimens that use low fluences and fluence rates were the most successful. This effect was demonstrated for fluorescent microspheres with diameters ranging from(More)
Photodynamic treatment in vitro, using the photosensitizer Photofrin II and light at 630 nm, was found to liberate large amounts of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) from mouse radiation-induced fibrosarcoma tumor cells and peritoneal macrophages, but not from L929 fibroblasts. PGE2 release was dose dependent and directly related to cell membrane disruption. It(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which can effectively destroy malignant tissue, also induces a complex immune response that potentiates antitumor immunity but also inhibits skin contact hypersensitivity (CHS) and prolongs skin graft survival. The underlying mechanisms responsible for these effects are poorly understood but are likely to involve mediation by(More)