Barbara Varano

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We investigated the interactions between human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) and Ag-activated circulating TCR-gammadelta-expressing lymphocytes (Vdelta2). Coculture of immature DCs (iDCs) with peripheral blood Vdelta2 T cells activated with either pyrophosphomonoesters (isopentenyl pyrophosphate; IPP) or aminobiphosphonates (pamidronate; PAM) led(More)
We previously reported that resting mouse peritoneal macrophages (PM) constitutively express low levels of IFN-gamma, whose production is consistently enhanced by exogenous IFN-gamma. In this study, we investigated the effects of IL-12 on the replication of vesicular stomatitis virus and on IFN-gamma gene expression in mouse PM. The addition of IL-12 to(More)
In vitro cultivated human monocytes isolated from normal peripheral blood show a time-dependent differentiation into macrophages characterized by an increased expression of transferrin receptors, CD11/CD18, and CD14 Ag. We measured the secretion of TNF-alpha and IL-6 in freshly isolated monocytes and in differentiated macrophages after LPS treatment.(More)
We investigated the effect of vpr, physiologically expressed during the course of an acute HIV-1 infection, on the response of infected cells to apoptotic stimuli as well as on the HIV-induced apoptosis. At 48 h after infection, Jurkat cells exhibited a lower susceptibility to undergo apoptosis with respect to uninfected cells. This effect was not observed(More)
We studied the effects of the gp120 glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 on the expression of interleukin-12 (IL-12) in human monocytes and in monocyte-derived macrophages. Induction of the mRNA for both the p35 and p40 subunits of IL-12 was observed in both cell types after gp120 treatment. We then evaluated cytokine secretion by using an(More)
In vitro cultivated human monocytes show a time-dependent differentiation into macrophages, characterized by an increased expression of macrophage-specific antigens. Monocytes-macrophages were infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strain Ba-L (HIV-1Ba-L) at different stages of differentiation. When 7-day cultured macrophages were infected in the(More)
Myeloid dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages evolve from a common precursor. However, factors controlling monocyte differentiation toward DC or macrophages are poorly defined. We report that the surface density of the GM-CSF receptor (GM-CSFR) alpha subunit in human peripheral blood monocytes varies among donors. Although no correlation was found between(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy has significantly improved the prognosis of HIV-infected subjects. However, patients treated long term still manifest increased mortality and, even with undetectable plasma viremia, often experience persistent immune activation. Furthermore, liver-related mortality is now the most common cause of non-AIDS-related death(More)
Jurkat T-cell clones, stably expressing the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vpr protein, exhibited an impaired susceptibility to HIV-1 infection. A marked down-modulation of surface CD4 receptors was detected in Vpr-expressing clones with respect to control cells. Likewise, a reduced CD4 expression was also observed in parental Jurkat cells(More)