Barbara Vagaggini

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BACKGROUND Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of many chronic inflammatory lung diseases. Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) collection is a noninvasive method to investigate pulmonary oxidative stress biomarkers such as malondialdehyde (MDA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS We measured MDA levels in EBC in a large number of patients (N = 194) with(More)
BACKGROUND The discrepancy between functional and inflammatory airway response to ozone has been reported in normal subjects, but few data are available for stable asthmatics regularly treated with inhaled corticosteroids. METHODS Twenty-three well controlled, regularly treated, mild-to-moderate asthmatic patients underwent two sequential randomised(More)
Long-term change in nonspecific and specific bronchial hyperresponsiveness was studied in 16 subjects with asthma induced by toluene diisocyanate (TDI). A significant positive correlation between months of follow-up and provocative dose inducing a 20 percent fall in FEV1 (PD20FEV1) methacholine was observed in 5 of 16 subjects. In 4 of these 5 subjects, a(More)
We investigated whether exposure to ozone (O(3)) 24 hours after an allergen challenge test would increase airway eosinophilia induced by allergen in subjects with mild asthma with late airway response. Twelve subjects with mild atopic asthma participated in a randomized, single-blind study. Subjects underwent allergen challenge 24 hours before a 2 hour(More)
A prospective study was performed to confirm the prevalence pattern of the most frequent co-morbidities and to evaluate whether characteristics of patients, specific comorbidities and increasing number of comorbidities are independently associated with poorer outcomes in a population with complex chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) submitted for(More)
Long-term treatment with inhaled beta 2-agonists may be associated with a deterioration in asthma control, potentially due to tolerance. Regular use of short-acting beta 2-agonists has been shown to induce tolerance to allergen or adenosine 5'-monophosphate challenge. The aim of the study was to detect the efficacy of a single dose and a short-term(More)
To evaluate the reproducibility of induced sputum analysis, and to estimate the sample size required to obtained reliable results, sputum was induced by hypertonic saline inhalation in 29 asthmatic subjects on two different days. The whole sample method was used for analysis, and inflammatory cells were counted on cytospin slides. Reproducibility, expressed(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ozone exposure induces a similar airway inflammatory response in subjects with different degrees of asthma severity. Two groups of asthmatic subjects were studied: seven with intermittent mild asthma not requiring regular treatment (group A); and seven with persistent mild asthma requiring regular treatment with(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of short-term exposure to low levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) on airway inflammation. We studied seven normal, eight mild asthmatic and seven chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) subjects. All subjects were exposed to air or to 0.3 parts per million (ppm) NO2 for 1 h, with moderate intermittent(More)
The aim of this study was to assess whether hyperosmolarity affects granulocyte mediator levels in induced sputum of asthmatic subjects. A total of 32 mild-to-moderate asthmatics, who inhaled either hypertonic (HS; 4.5% NaCl) or isotonic (IS; 0.9% NaCl) solutions for 15 min, were studied. Selected sputum was used for analysis. Eosinophil cationic protein(More)