Barbara Trülzsch

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Autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is linked to mutations in the survival motor neuron (SMN) gene. The SMN protein has been implicated at several levels of mRNA biogenesis and is expressed ubiquitously. Studies in various model organisms have shown that the loss of function of the SMN gene leads to embryonic lethality. The human contains two(More)
The targeting of proteins to mitochondria involves the recognition of the precursor proteins by receptors on the mitochondrial surface followed by insertion of the precursors into the outer membrane at the general insertion site GIP. Most mitochondrial proteins analyzed so far use a mitochondrial outer membrane protein of 19 kilodaltons (MOM19) as an import(More)
The actual frequency of constitutively activating thyrotropin receptor or Gs α mutations in toxic thyroid nodules (TTNs) remains controversial as considerable variation in the prevalence of these mutations has been reported. We studied a series of 75 consecutive TTNs and performed mutation screening by the more sensitive method of denaturing gradient gel(More)
Progress in the understanding of RNA biology has brought into focus the prospect of using RNA-based therapeutics as a novel approach to treat human disease. In particular, following the discovery of the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway, the emergence of technology based on small interfering RNA (siRNA) now offers a powerful and highly specific tool for(More)
Gene silencing with double-stranded RNA (RNAi) has proved useful for gene function studies, and should be especially well suited to studying diseases resulting in embryonal lethality where transgenic animal models are difficult to generate. We are applying this approach to the autosomal recessive disease spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). SMA is caused by(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neurodegenerative disease that is caused by mutations in the survival of motor neuron gene (SMN), leading to reduced levels of the SMN protein in affected individuals. In SMA, motor neurons selectively degenerate, however, the mechanism of cell death and the precise role of SMN in this process are not completely(More)
Recent advances in our understanding of RNA biology have focused attention on the potential of developing RNA-based strategies to treat human disease. Naturally occurring catalytic RNA molecules (ribozymes), their synthetic DNA counterparts (deoxyribozymes or DNAzymes), as well as the exciting, emerging technology of small interfering RNA which utilizes the(More)
This review examines applications of nucleic acid technology in the form of catalytic nucleic acids (ribozymes and DNAzymes) and RNA interference (RNAi) in the CNS. The basic mechanism of catalytic nucleic acids and RNAi is reviewed, and potentials and problems highlighted. Recent advances in chemical modifications and delivery techniques are summarized.(More)
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