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LY-450139 is a gamma-secretase inhibitor shown to have efficacy in multiple cellular and animal models. Paradoxically, robust elevations of plasma amyloid-beta (Abeta) have been reported in dogs and humans after administration of subefficacious doses. The present study sought to further evaluate Abeta responses to LY-450139 in the guinea pig, a(More)
Using human college-age subjects, the present study tested the commonly cited but previously untested hypothesis that yawning is facilitated by higher than normal levels of CO2 or lower than normal levels of O2 in the blood by comparing the effect on yawning of breathing 100% O2 and gas mixtures with higher than normal levels of CO2 (3 or 5%) with(More)
A series of triterpene-based γ-secretase modulators is optimized. An acetate present at the C24 position of the natural product was replaced with either carbamates or ethers to provide compounds with better metabolic stability. With one of those pharmacophores in place at C24, morpholines or carbamates were installed at the C3 position to refine the(More)
The discovery of a new series of γ-secretase modulators is disclosed. Starting from a triterpene glycoside γ-secretase modulator that gave a very low brain-to-plasma ratio, initial SAR and optimization involved replacement of a pendant sugar with a series of morpholines. This modification led to two compounds with significantly improved central nervous(More)
INTRODUCTION Casein kinase I epsilon/delta phosphorylates certain clock-related proteins as part of a complex arrangement of transcriptional/translational feedback loops that comprise the circadian oscillator in mammals. Pharmacologic inhibition leads to a delay of the oscillations with the magnitude of this effect dependent upon the timing of drug(More)
The Amyloid Hypothesis states that the cascade of events associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD)-formation of amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, synaptic loss, neurodegeneration, and cognitive decline-are triggered by Aβ peptide dysregulation (Kakuda et al., 2006, Sato et al., 2003, Qi-Takahara et al., 2005). Since γ-secretase is critical for Aβ(More)
Casein kinase Iepsilon (CKIepsilon) is an essential component of the biological clock, phosphorylating PER proteins, and in doing so regulating their turnover and nuclear entry in oscillator cells of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Although hereditary decreases in PER phosphorylation have been well characterized, little is known about the consequences of(More)
A novel series of tetralin containing amino imidazoles, derived from modification of the corresponding phenyl acetic acid derivatives is described. Replacement of the amide led to identification of a potent series of tetralin-amino imidazoles with robust central efficacy. The reduction of brain Aβ in guinea pigs in the absence of changes in B-cells(More)
beta-Amyloid peptides, tentatively regarded as the principal neurotoxins responsible for Alzheimer's Disease, make up a set of products that varies significantly among different biological systems. The full implications of this complexity and its variations have yet to be defined. In this work, Abeta peptide populations were extracted from animal brain(More)
PF-3084014 [(S)-2-((S)-5,7-difluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-3-ylamino)-N-(1-(2-methyl-1-(neopentylamino)propan-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)pentanamide] is a novel gamma-secretase inhibitor that reduces amyloid-beta (Abeta) production with an in vitro IC(50) of 1.2 nM (whole-cell assay) to 6.2 nM (cell-free assay). This compound inhibits Notch-related T- and(More)