Barbara Swartz

Learn More
Dynorphin A(1-17), an opioid peptide that is normally present in the hippocampal mossy fiber system, was localized immunocytochemically in the hippocampal formation of control autopsy and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) specimens. In control tissue, dynorphin-like immunoreactive (Dyn-IR) structures were confined to the mossy fiber path and were most highly(More)
In this study we examined 37 subjects with a diagnosis of intractable frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) based on non-invasive pre-surgical evaluation. Twenty-six underwent chronic intracranial ictal recordings (CIR) with video monitoring; 20 of these went on to surgical resection. Eleven underwent surgery without CIR. Retrospectively, we determined that 19 had(More)
Immunogold electron microscopy was used to examine human brain resections to localize the GLUT1 glucose transporter. The tissue examined was obtained from a patient undergoing surgery for treatment of seizures, and the capillary profiles examined had characteristics identical to those described previously for active, epileptogenic sites (confirmed by EEG(More)
We studied patients with documented temporal lobe seizures to evaluate the predictive value of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for surgical therapy and the relationships between these tests and the pathologic diagnoses. CT detected abnormalities in 32.5%, with an(More)
A delayed match-to-sample (DMS) task of abstract, visual memory was performed during the uptake period of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose. The increase in glucose uptake of cortical and subcortical regions ("activation") during the DMS task was compared with that during a control, immediate match-to-sample task using positron emission tomography. Both discriminant(More)
PURPOSE We performed this study to determine whether significant head trauma in human adults can result in hippocampal cell loss, particularly in hilar (polymorph) and CA3 neurons, similar to that observed in animal models of traumatic brain injury. We examined the incidence of hippocampal pathology and its relation to temporal neocortical pathology,(More)
Alpha-2 noradrenergic agonists may have wide applicability in the treatment of pre-frontal cortex deficits in primates and behavioral dysfunction in man. We have undertaken this study to determine the effect of an alpha-2 agonist, guanfacine, on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in humans. Three subject groups were evaluated: normal controls, subjects(More)
Twenty-two patients whose electroclinical ictal characteristics suggested frontal lobe seizure foci were studied. Computed tomography (CT) scans showed abnormalities in only 32% of patients whereas magnetic resonance imaging was informative in 45%. 18FDG-Positron emission tomography (PET) scanning revealed decreased metabolism in 64% of the group. The areas(More)
It is generally believed that patients with primary generalized epilepsy have normal cognition and neuroimaging studies. We have previously shown that patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have impaired visual working memory. In this study we examined relative regional changes in 18FDG uptake during a visual working memory paradigm in patients(More)