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Hardening of the pulse, first described thousands of years ago by Chinese healers, was known even then to be an adverse prognostic sign. In Western medicine, the association of aging, increased large-arterial stiffness, and systolic hypertension has been recognized for more than a century. Yet the adverse consequences of age-related arterial stiffness still(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the effect of a nonevaluative social support intervention (pet ownership) on blood pressure response to mental stress before and during ACE inhibitor therapy. Forty-eight hypertensive individuals participated in an experiment at home and in the physician's office. Participants were randomized to an experimental group with(More)
Cardiac output (Q), heart rate (HR), blood pressure, and oxygen consumption (VO2) were measured repeatedly both at rest and at two levels of exercise in six subjects during microgravity exposure. Exercise was at 30 and 60% of the workload producing the individual's maximal VO2 in 1 G. Three of the subjects were on a 9-day flight, Spacelab Life Sciences-1,(More)
The present study assessed (1) the impact of the measurement site (lower versus upper extremity) on the corresponding compliance variables and (2) the overall reliability of diastolic pulse contour (Windkessel-derived) analysis in normal and hypertensive subjects. Arterial tonograms were recorded in the supine position from the radial and posterior tibial(More)
Foreign and soluble gas rebreathing methods are attractive for determining cardiac output (Q(c)) because they incur less risk than traditional invasive methods such as direct Fick and thermodilution. We compared simultaneously obtained Q(c) measurements during rest and exercise to assess the accuracy and precision of several rebreathing methods. Q(c)(More)
The physiological responses to water immersion (WI) are known; however, the responses to stress following WI are poorly characterized. Ten healthy men were exposed to three physiological stressors before and after a 6-h resting WI (32-33°C): 1) a 2-min cold pressor test, 2) a static handgrip test to fatigue at 40% of maximum strength followed by(More)
We examined the hypothesis that respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is primarily a central phenomenon and thus that RSA is directly correlated with respiratory controller output. RSA was measured in nine anesthetized dogs, first during spontaneous breathing (SB) and then during constant flow ventilation (CFV), a technique whereby phasic chest wall movements(More)
The relationship between total air flow and normal breath sounds recorded at 2 sites on the chest was investigated. Sounds were measured during rhythmic breathing, during flow rate tracking, and during flow rate tracking against an external resistance by subjects seated and in the left lateral decubitus position. The sound amplitude during inspiration(More)
We have developed hydrophobic electrodes that provide all morphological waveforms without distortion of an ECG signal for both dry and water-immersed conditions. Our electrode is comprised of a mixture of carbon black powder (CB) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). For feasibility testing of the CB/PDMS electrodes, various tests were performed. One of the(More)
Because of rising interest in new methods to detect arterial diseases, we compared data from 3 different compliance-related techniques to measure arterial stiffness: systolic pulse contour analysis, diastolic pulse contour analysis (modified Windkessel model), and muscular (brachial) artery compliance by cuff plethysmography. Variables measured in the(More)