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In the present study, we evaluated the effect of a nonevaluative social support intervention (pet ownership) on blood pressure response to mental stress before and during ACE inhibitor therapy. Forty-eight hypertensive individuals participated in an experiment at home and in the physician's office. Participants were randomized to an experimental group with(More)
The present study assessed (1) the impact of the measurement site (lower versus upper extremity) on the corresponding compliance variables and (2) the overall reliability of diastolic pulse contour (Windkessel-derived) analysis in normal and hypertensive subjects. Arterial tonograms were recorded in the supine position from the radial and posterior tibial(More)
The relationship between total air flow and normal breath sounds recorded at 2 sites on the chest was investigated. Sounds were measured during rhythmic breathing, during flow rate tracking, and during flow rate tracking against an external resistance by subjects seated and in the left lateral decubitus position. The sound amplitude during inspiration(More)
We have developed hydrophobic electrodes that provide all morphological waveforms without distortion of an ECG signal for both dry and water-immersed conditions. Our electrode is comprised of a mixture of carbon black powder (CB) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). For feasibility testing of the CB/PDMS electrodes, various tests were performed. One of the(More)
Because of rising interest in new methods to detect arterial diseases, we compared data from 3 different compliance-related techniques to measure arterial stiffness: systolic pulse contour analysis, diastolic pulse contour analysis (modified Windkessel model), and muscular (brachial) artery compliance by cuff plethysmography. Variables measured in the(More)
Physiological compensation to postural stress is weakened after long-duration water immersion (WI), thus predisposing individuals to orthostatic intolerance. This study was conducted to compare hemodynamic responses to postural stress following exposure to WI alone (Air WI), hyperbaric oxygen alone in a hyperbaric chamber (O 2 HC), and WI combined with(More)
Cardiac output (Q) is a determinant of blood pressure and O(2) delivery and is critical in the maintenance of homeostasis, particularly during environmental stress and exercise. Cardiac output can be determined invasively in patients; however, indirect methods are required for other situations. Soluble gas techniques are widely used to determine (Q).(More)
A new method for correction of mass spectrometer output signals is described. Response-time distortion is reduced independently of any model of mass spectrometer behavior. The delay of the system is found first from the cross-correlation function of a step change and its response. A two-sided time-domain digital correction filter (deconvolution filter) is(More)
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