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Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS) are severe complications of secondary dengue virus (DV) infection. Vascular leakage, hemorrhagic diathesis and complement activation are the hallmarks of the disease. The short-lived nature of the plasma leakage syndrome has led to the conclusion that altered permeability is most likely effected(More)
Anomalies of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, including amplification, rearrangement, and overexpression, have been reported in malignant human gliomas in vivo. In vitro glioma cell lines coexpress EGFR and at least one of its ligands, transforming growth factor alpha, suggesting the existence of an autocrine growth stimulatory loop. We(More)
PURPOSE Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 2% to 3% of all malignancies. It represents one of the most radiation- and chemotherapy-resistant tumors and surgical resections are only effective in organ-defined disease. However, RCC is an immunogenic tumor with response rates to immunotherapies between 10% and 20% of the treated patients. Due to the(More)
Defects in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigen-processing machinery (APM) have been described in tumors of different histology. Murine data suggest that defects in the MHC class II APM might also be associated with malignant transformation of human cells. This article describes the pathophysiology of the MHC class I and II APM,(More)
A number of cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones derived from several melanoma patients have been found to recognize a majority of melanomas from HLA-A2 patients. We have reported previously that two such CTL clones recognize a product of the tyrosinase gene that is presented by HLA-A2. Here we show that one of these CTL clones recognizes a peptide encoded(More)
Silencing of a specific mRNA using double stranded RNA oligonucleotides represents one of the newest technologies for suppressing a specific gene product. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) are 21 nucleotides long, double stranded RNA fragments that are identical in sequence to the target mRNA. We designed 3 such siRNA against the Her2/neu (HER2) gene. The HER2(More)
Recombinant T-cell receptors with antibody-like specificity are successfully used to direct CTLs toward a MHC-independent immune response against target cells. Here we monitored the specific activation of receptor grafted CTLs in the context of CD28 costimulation. Peripheral blood T cells were retrovirally engrafted with recombinant anti-CD30 and(More)
Recombinant immunoreceptors with specificity for the carcinoembryonic Ag (CEA) can redirect grafted T cells to a MHC/Ag-independent antitumor response. To analyze receptor-mediated cellular activation in the context of CD28 costimulation, we generated: 1) CEA+ colorectal tumor cells that express simultaneously B7-1 and B7-2, and 2) CEA-specific(More)
It is thought that tumor rejection by CD8(+) T-cell effectors is primarily mediated by direct killing. We show that rejection of different tumors (fibrosarcoma, ras-transformed fibroblasts, colon carcinoma, and plasmacytoma) by CD8(+) T cells is always preceded by inhibition of tumor-induced angiogenesis. Angiostasis and tumor rejection were observed in(More)