Learn More
Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS) are severe complications of secondary dengue virus (DV) infection. Vascular leakage, hemorrhagic diathesis and complement activation are the hallmarks of the disease. The short-lived nature of the plasma leakage syndrome has led to the conclusion that altered permeability is most likely effected(More)
Defects in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigen-processing machinery (APM) have been described in tumors of different histology. Murine data suggest that defects in the MHC class II APM might also be associated with malignant transformation of human cells. This article describes the pathophysiology of the MHC class I and II APM,(More)
Anomalies of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, including amplification, rearrangement, and overexpression, have been reported in malignant human gliomas in vivo. In vitro glioma cell lines coexpress EGFR and at least one of its ligands, transforming growth factor alpha, suggesting the existence of an autocrine growth stimulatory loop. We(More)
Recombinant immunoreceptors with specificity for the carcinoembryonic Ag (CEA) can redirect grafted T cells to a MHC/Ag-independent antitumor response. To analyze receptor-mediated cellular activation in the context of CD28 costimulation, we generated: 1) CEA+ colorectal tumor cells that express simultaneously B7-1 and B7-2, and 2) CEA-specific(More)
It is thought that tumor rejection by CD8(+) T-cell effectors is primarily mediated by direct killing. We show that rejection of different tumors (fibrosarcoma, ras-transformed fibroblasts, colon carcinoma, and plasmacytoma) by CD8(+) T cells is always preceded by inhibition of tumor-induced angiogenesis. Angiostasis and tumor rejection were observed in(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens by tumour cells impair the cellular immune response and promote tumour evasion from immune surveillance. So far, studies analysing the MHC class II expression levels in head and neck cancer have been limited. OBJECTIVES Therefore, we investigated the constitutive and(More)
It has recently been shown that tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) can evoke tumor-specific T-cell-defined immune responses in cancer patients, thereby offering the possibility of treating patients with such antigens. To develop T-cell-based immunotherapeutic approaches for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), we studied the mRNA expression profile of the TAAs RAGE-1,(More)
PURPOSE Limited therapeutic options are presently available for advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This study was designed to define the clinical potential of the DNA hypomethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-AZA-CdR) in human RCC, through its control of the expression of "therapeutic targets" of the cancer testis antigen (CTA) family, and of the(More)
Tumor immune escape plays a critical role in cancer, but the mechanisms involved in this process have still to be defined. In the recent years, progress has been made in understanding how peptides presented by MHC class I molecules were generated, in particular which proteases are involved in this process and how intracellular pathways influence antigen(More)
PURPOSE Cancers have developed a number of strategies to escape immune responses including the differential expression of costimulatory molecules of the B7 family. B7-H3 and B7-H4 have recently been described in different tumor entities but the relevance for melanoma has not yet been studied so far. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Using immunohistochemistry, B7-H3(More)