Barbara Seliger

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Anomalies of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene, including amplification, rearrangement, and overexpression, have been reported in malignant human gliomas in vivo. In vitro glioma cell lines coexpress EGFR and at least one of its ligands, transforming growth factor alpha, suggesting the existence of an autocrine growth stimulatory loop. We(More)
Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS) are severe complications of secondary dengue virus (DV) infection. Vascular leakage, hemorrhagic diathesis and complement activation are the hallmarks of the disease. The short-lived nature of the plasma leakage syndrome has led to the conclusion that altered permeability is most likely effected(More)
Recombinant T-cell receptors with antibody-like specificity are successfully used to direct CTLs toward a MHC-independent immune response against target cells. Here we monitored the specific activation of receptor grafted CTLs in the context of CD28 costimulation. Peripheral blood T cells were retrovirally engrafted with recombinant anti-CD30 and(More)
It is thought that tumor rejection by CD8(+) T-cell effectors is primarily mediated by direct killing. We show that rejection of different tumors (fibrosarcoma, ras-transformed fibroblasts, colon carcinoma, and plasmacytoma) by CD8(+) T cells is always preceded by inhibition of tumor-induced angiogenesis. Angiostasis and tumor rejection were observed in(More)
A number of cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones derived from several melanoma patients have been found to recognize a majority of melanomas from HLA-A2 patients. We have reported previously that two such CTL clones recognize a product of the tyrosinase gene that is presented by HLA-A2. Here we show that one of these CTL clones recognizes a peptide encoded(More)
During the past decades, anticancer immunotherapy has evolved from a promising therapeutic option to a robust clinical reality. Many immunotherapeutic regimens are now approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency for use in cancer patients, and many others are being investigated as standalone therapeutic interventions or(More)
Defects in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigen-processing machinery (APM) have been described in tumors of different histology. Murine data suggest that defects in the MHC class II APM might also be associated with malignant transformation of human cells. This article describes the pathophysiology of the MHC class I and II APM,(More)
The HLA class I antigen-processing machinery (APM) plays a crucial role in the generation of peptides from endogenously synthesized proteins and in their presentation to cytotoxic T lymphocytes. The potential role of defects of APM components in immune escape mechanisms used by malignant cells has prompted us to analyze their expression in renal cell(More)
The expression of tapasin is critical for an optimized MHC class I assembly and stable MHC class I surface expression. Thus, impaired MHC class I antigen expression of tumors can be attributable to tapasin downregulation. In order to understand the molecular mechanisms of deficient tapasin expression, the mouse tapasin promoter region and its 5′-flanking(More)