Barbara S. Young

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A 12 kb fragment of Drosophila melanogaster DNA cloned in a lambda phage, lambda T-A, is shown by in situ hybridization to contain sequences homologous to DNA at the extreme ends of each of the polytene chromosomes and to the pericentric sequences present in the beta heterochromatin. This pattern of hybridization is seen for each of the four D. melanogaster(More)
Some acute lymphocytic leukaemias, particularly those in young children, are associated with a t(4;11)(q21;q23) reciprocal translocation. We have cloned the translocation breakpoint on chromosome 11q23 and isolated corresponding RNA transcripts from this region. The translocation occurs within a cluster of Alu repetitive elements located within an intron of(More)
Previous studies have shown that the mitochondrial orf224/atp6 gene region is correlated with the Polima (pol) cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) of Brassica napus. We now extend this correlation by showing that the effects of nuclear fertility restoration on orf224/atp6 transcripts cosegregate with the pol restorer gene Rfp1 in genetic crosses. We also show,(More)
Wnt proteins and beta-catenin signaling regulate major processes during embryonic development, and we hypothesized that they regulate cranial base synchondrosis development and growth. To address this issue, we analyzed cartilage-specific beta-catenin-deficient mice. Mutant synchondroses lacked typical growth plate zones, and endochondral ossification was(More)
The mixed lineage leukemia gene (MLL) was originally identified through its involvement in reciprocal translocations in leukemias. MLL codes for a large multidomain protein and bears homology to the Drosophila developmental control gene trithorax in two small domains in the amino terminal region, the central zinc finger domain and the carboxy SET domain.(More)
ABCB1 (adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter B1) mediates cellular elimination of many chemotherapeutic agents including paclitaxel, which is commonly used to treat ovarian cancer. A significant association between common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ABCB1 and progression-free survival has been reported in patients with ovarian(More)
We have examined the effects of base changes at the lariat branch site of a modified adenovirus major late precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA). Replacement of the A residue at the lariat attachment site with a G residue was studied. Incubation of this altered pre-mRNA with nuclear extracts of HeLa cells yielded less spliced mRNA (10-fold) than similar reactions with(More)
S. tyrphimurium strain BY324 is temperature sensitive due to a mutation (rpo C32) in the gene for the RNA polymerase beta' subunit. Transcription of T7 DNA by RNA polymerase purified from this strain is temperature sensitive in vitro. The enzyme is slightly defective in template binding and RNA chain initiation, but the major defect is in RNA chain(More)
Assay conditions are described which permit detection of cryptic temperature sensitive RNA polymerases in vitro. RNA polymerase was prepared from fifteen different temperature sensitive mutants of Salmonella typhimurium chosen at random from a larger group isolated by localized mutagenesis and uridine suicide techniques. The dependence of enzyme activity on(More)