Barbara S. Polla

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The heat-shock (HS) response is a ubiquitous cellular response to stress, involving the transcriptional activation of HS genes. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been shown to regulate the activity of a number of transcription factors. We investigated the redox regulation of the stress response and report here that in the human pre-monocytic line U937(More)
The synthesis of heat-shock proteins (HSPs) and other stress proteins, including heme oxygenase (HO) and ferritin, is differentially induced by heat and oxidizing agents. In order to determine what role cAMP plays in those inductions in human monocytes-macrophages (m phi), we used cAMP activators or analogues alone or in combination with various stressful(More)
Iron enhances the production of the highly reactive and toxic hydroxyl radical, thus stimulating oxidative damage. Iron has been associated with a number of oxidative injury-dependent, age-related conditions and diseases. Indeed, oxidative injury is a major factor of (accelerated) ageing. This commentary reviews part of the existing literature on iron's(More)
Human peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) produce superoxide anions (O2-.) by a process involving electron transfer from NADPH to O2, catalyzed by the respiratory burst enzyme NADPH oxidase. We have previously shown that phagocytosis, while activating NADPH oxidase, induced in PBM the synthesis of heat shock (HS) proteins (HSP). The present study was(More)
Interleukin 1β, potentiated by tumour necrosis factor α, is cytotoxic to pancreatic Beta cells in vitro. We have hypothesized that interleukin 1β induces oxygen free radicals in Beta cells. Since cytotoxicity induced by free radicals and by heat may activate the same cellular repair mechanism (the heat shock response), the aim of this study was to(More)
In response to many stresses and pathologic states, including different models of nervous system injury, cells synthesize a variety of proteins, most notably the inducible 72 kDa heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), which plays important roles in maintaining cellular integrity and viability. We report here that cultured astrocytes from rat diencephalon express(More)
Circulating biogenic amines, such as serotonin or norepinephrine, are cleared by the lung and can be considered as indicators of pulmonary endothelial integrity. An iodinated norepinephrine analogue, metaiodo-benzylguanidine (MIBG), is extracted in the lung by an active, saturable transport system. In order to investigate the use of MIBG lung extraction to(More)
• Purpose: Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a newly recognized disease caused by human commensal viruses of the herpes family (herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus and cytomegalovirus) occurring in apparently immunocompetent patients. As at least three viruses can cause ARN, the modification in the host-virus interaction at the origin of the disease(More)
We have previously shown in mice and monkeys that mycobacterial heat shock proteins (hsp) of 65 and 70 kD exert a strong in vivo helper effect when conjugated to synthetic peptides or bacterial oligosaccharides and given in the absence of any adjuvants. Considering the degree of homology existing in the phylogeny among hsp belonging to the same family, we(More)
Heat shock (HS) proteins (HSPs) induce protection against a number of stresses distinct from HS, including reactive oxygen species. In the human premonocytic line U937, we investigated in whole cells the effects of preexposure to HS and exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on mitochondrial membrane potential, mass, and ultrastructure. HS prevented(More)