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OBJECTIVE To reassess the evidence for management issues related to the care of women with epilepsy (WWE) during pregnancy. METHODS Systematic review of relevant articles published between January 1985 and June 2007. RESULTS It is highly probable that intrauterine first-trimester valproate (VPA) exposure has higher risk of major congenital malformations(More)
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a chronic encephalitis occurring after infection with measles virus. The prevalence of the disease varies depending on uptake of measles vaccination, with the virus disproportionally affecting regions with low vaccination rates. The physiopathology of the disease is not fully understood; however, there is(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of medical marijuana in several neurologic conditions. METHODS We performed a systematic review of medical marijuana (1948-November 2013) to address treatment of symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), epilepsy, and movement disorders. We graded the studies according to the American Academy of Neurology classification(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the age at menopause in women with epilepsy is associated with seizure frequency. METHODS Women with epilepsy ages 45 and older from urban epilepsy centers were surveyed by interview and chart review for reproductive and general health characteristics, as well as seizure history, including frequency and treatment. Women who(More)
Use of cocaine in the USA, has reached epidemic proportions since 1983, when "crack" was introduced, its higher potency compared with cocaine HCl has been associated with a tremendous increase in the incidence of strokes. This study reports our experience with 55 cases of neurovascular events (25 ischemic and 30 hemorrhagic) related to cocaine use in 54(More)
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) had largely disappeared from the United States because of nearly universal measles vaccination, but it has reemerged in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Two children with SSPE are described. The first was HIV positive and presented with seizures and encephalopathy at the age of 21 months.(More)
Segmental myoclonus arising in the spinal cord occurs with several viral infections, including herpes zoster radiculitis. Usually, abnormal movements follow the rash and require drug treatment to suppress. We report a patient with AIDS in whom arm and shoulder myoclonus preceded herpes zoster involving the same segments contralaterally on two occasions.(More)
A patient's hormonal milieu contributes to the timing of emergence of several epilepsy syndromes that are known to begin at puberty and recede with the end of reproductive potential. One's hormonal balance at any particular moment contributes to seizure occurrence in both men and women. The best studied condition, catamenial epilepsy, refers to seizure(More)
Rhabomyolysis with myoglobinuria has been added relatively recently to the neurologic complications associated with the increased use of cocaine and the introduction of its alkaloid form (crack). This retrospective study reports our experience with 14 patients who presented with rhabdomyolysis after cocaine use in a municipal hospital over a 3-year period.(More)