Barbara S. Bucher

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of a history of chronic alcohol abuse on the incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and in-hospital mortality. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS A total of 351 medical and surgical intensive care unit patients with one of seven at-risk diagnoses for the development of ARDS. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy associated with defective regulation of the alternative complement pathway. The prognosis for patients with aHUS is poor, and plasma exchange represents the first-line therapy. Eculizumab is a humanized monoclonal anti-C5 antibody that prevents the activation of the terminal(More)
BACKGROUND Rotaviruses (RV) are the most common cause of dehydrating gastroenteritis requiring hospitalisation in children <5 years of age. A new generation of safe and effective RV vaccines is available. Accurate data describing the current burden of RV disease in the community are needed to devise appropriate strategies for vaccine usage. METHODS(More)
The objective was to analyze the outcome following prenatal exposure to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is) or angiotensin receptor antagonists (ARBs). For this purpose, a systematic review of published case reports and case series dealing with intrauterine exposure to ACE-Is or to ARBs using Medline as the source of data was performed. The(More)
There is growing concern about elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents, because of its association with the obesity epidemic. Moreover, cardiovascular function and blood pressure level are determined in childhood and track into adulthood. Primary hypertension in childhood is defined by persistent blood pressure values ≥ the 95th percentile and(More)
This case describes evidence for a Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O146:H28 infection leading to hemolytic uremic syndrome in a neonate. STEC O146:H28 was linked hitherto with asymptomatic carriage in humans. Based on strain characteristics and genotyping data, the mother is a healthy carrier who transmitted the STEC during delivery. STEC(More)
Hypertension has been estimated to affect 20 - 25% of the adult population and represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease like coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral artery occlusive disease. In addition, hypertension supports the development and progression of chronic kidney insufficiency. The interaction of multiple genetic and(More)
Although Henoch-Schönlein syndrome can occur at any age, it is overwhelmingly a disease of childhood. Indeed, Henoch-Schönlein syndrome is the most common vasculitis that affects children. The clinical features of this vasculitis are well documented, and the diagnosis is generally not difficult. This article briefly reviews both common and uncommon clinical(More)