Learn More
The aim of this work was to define the chemical structure of compounds self-assembling in water solutions, which appear to interact with proteins as single ligands with their supramolecular nature preserved. For this purpose the ligation to proteins of bis azo dyes, represented by Congo red and its derivatives with designed structural alterations, were(More)
The lyotropic liquid crystal dye-Congo Red was used as a carrier in a model immunotargeting system constructed from sheep red blood cells (SRBC) representing the antigen target and rabbit IgG anti-SRBC as the specific driving immunoglobulin. Rhodamine B and Hemin stains were chosen as example chemicals carried to the target. The carried stains were(More)
Micellar structures formed by self-assembling Congo red molecules bind to proteins penetrating into function-related unstable packing areas. Here, we have used Congo red--a supramolecular protein ligand--to investigate how the intramolecular structural changes that take place in antibodies following antigen binding lead to complement activation. According(More)
The self-assembling tendency and protein complexation capability of dyes related to Congo red and also some dyes of different structure were compared to explain the mechanism of Congo red binding and the reason for its specific affinity for beta-structure. Complexation with proteins was measured directly and expressed as the number of dye molecules bound to(More)
Moderate heating (40-50 degrees C) of immunoglobulins makes them accessible for binding with Congo Red and some related highly associated dyes. The binding is specific and involves supramolecular dye ligands presenting ribbon-like micellar bodies. The L chain lambda dimer, which upon heating disclosed the same binding requirement with respect to(More)
Congo red and a group of structurally related dyes long used to stain amyloid proteins are known to associate in water solutions. The self-association of some dyes belonging to this group appears particularly strong. In water solutions their molecules are arranged in ribbon-like micellar forms with liquid crystalline properties. These compounds have(More)
The role of the N-terminal polypeptide fragment of the immunoglobulin l-chain in V domain packing stability, and the flexibility of the whole chain was approached by molecular dynamics simulation. The observations were supported by experimental analysis. The N-terminal polypeptide fragment appeared to be the low-stability packing element in the V domain. At(More)
The mechanism of binding of azo dyes (bis azo) to immunoglobulin G of altered conformation, induced by heating or interaction with antigen was analysed in this work. Azo dyes: Congo Red, Evans Blue and Trypan Blue were selected for these studies. The molecules of Congo Red and Evans Blue associate readily in water and exist as polymolecular micellar species(More)
The azo dyes were found to react with antibodies aggregated in immune complex in a similar way to heat-aggregated IgG. The whole micelles of the dye, instead of single molecules, are fixed to antibodies. In a consequence, the number of dye molecules, determined per one antibody molecule, differs but may be as large as 50-60. The dye, bound to antibody(More)