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The aim of this work was to define the chemical structure of compounds self-assembling in water solutions, which appear to interact with proteins as single ligands with their supramolecular nature preserved. For this purpose the ligation to proteins of bis azo dyes, represented by Congo red and its derivatives with designed structural alterations, were(More)
The lyotropic liquid crystal dye-Congo Red was used as a carrier in a model immunotargeting system constructed from sheep red blood cells (SRBC) representing the antigen target and rabbit IgG anti-SRBC as the specific driving immunoglobulin. Rhodamine B and Hemin stains were chosen as example chemicals carried to the target. The carried stains were(More)
Micellar structures formed by self-assembling Congo red molecules bind to proteins penetrating into function-related unstable packing areas. Here, we have used Congo red--a supramolecular protein ligand--to investigate how the intramolecular structural changes that take place in antibodies following antigen binding lead to complement activation. According(More)
Disruption of tertiary interaction makes a protein accessible to penetration by different small molecular compounds. Their interaction may stabilize the altered protein conformation. Congo red is proposed here as a stabilizer of the molten globule state and also of highly reversible intermediates in the transition from native to molten state. Human(More)
The mechanism of binding of azo dyes (bis azo) to immunoglobulin G of altered conformation, induced by heating or interaction with antigen was analysed in this work. Azo dyes: Congo Red, Evans Blue and Trypan Blue were selected for these studies. The molecules of Congo Red and Evans Blue associate readily in water and exist as polymolecular micellar species(More)
The self-assembling tendency and protein complexation capability of dyes related to Congo red and also some dyes of different structure were compared to explain the mechanism of Congo red binding and the reason for its specific affinity for beta-structure. Complexation with proteins was measured directly and expressed as the number of dye molecules bound to(More)
BACKGROUND Some ligands of pattern recognition receptors (PRR) are present on tumour cells. The role of PRR in signalling for cytokine and reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) production by monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) stimulated with tumour cells was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS Monocytes/MDM were pretreated with PRR ligands or(More)
It was shown experimentally that binding of a micelle composed of Congo red molecules to immunological complexes leads to the enhanced stability of the latter, and simultaneously prevents binding of a complement molecule (C1q). The dye binds in a cavity created by the removal of N-terminal polypeptide chain, as observed experimentally in a model(More)
Moderate heating (40-50 degrees C) of immunoglobulins makes them accessible for binding with Congo Red and some related highly associated dyes. The binding is specific and involves supramolecular dye ligands presenting ribbon-like micellar bodies. The L chain lambda dimer, which upon heating disclosed the same binding requirement with respect to(More)
Congo red and a group of structurally related dyes long used to stain amyloid proteins are known to associate in water solutions. The self-association of some dyes belonging to this group appears particularly strong. In water solutions their molecules are arranged in ribbon-like micellar forms with liquid crystalline properties. These compounds have(More)