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PURPOSE Several economic evaluations of adverse drug events (ADEs) exist, but the underlying methodology has not been standardized so far. The aim of the study was to combine prospective, intensive pharmacovigilance methods, and standardized accounting data to calculate direct costs of community-acquired ADEs (caADEs) contributing to emergency department(More)
BACKGROUND Lists of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) for the elderly, such as the German PRISCUS list, have been published as expert recommendations with the aim of improving drug safety for this patient group. In this study, we tried to determine how often adverse drug events occur in the emergency department and what role PRISCUS medications(More)
PURPOSE We aim to derive an internationally applicable data set to improve prescription safety of psychiatric drugs. METHODS We performed an in-depth analysis of the concordance of prescribing information of 10 key psychiatric drugs across four major drug markets with regard to indications, warnings and precautions, and contraindications. RESULTS The(More)
BACKGROUND Although usage and acceptance are important factors for a successful implementation of clinical decision support systems for medication, most studies only concentrate on their design and outcome. Our objective was to comparatively investigate a set of traditional medication safety measures such as medication safety training for physicians,(More)
AIMS The aim was to improve medication safety in an emergency department (ED) by enhancing the integration and presentation of safety information for drug therapy. METHODS Based on an evaluation of safety of drug therapy issues in the ED and a review of computer-assisted intervention technologies we redesigned an electronic case sheet and implemented(More)
AIMS The incidence of clinical events related to medication errors and/or adverse drug reactions reported in the literature varies by a degree that cannot solely be explained by the clinical setting, the varying scrutiny of investigators or varying definitions of drug-related events. Our hypothesis was that the individual complexity of many clinical cases(More)
Adverse drug events (ADE) and medication errors (ME) are common causes of morbidity in patients presenting at emergency departments (ED). Recognition of ADE as being drug related and prevention of ME are key to enhancing pharmacotherapy safety in ED. We assessed the applicability of the Pareto principle (∼80 % of effects result from 20 % of causes) to(More)
The summary of product characteristics (SPC) should provide information for the safe prescription and use of a drug. We evaluated the consistency of critical interaction warnings, the quality of presentation of undesirable effects as well as concordance of critical information of representative drugs marketed in the United States, the UK, and Germany.(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies suggest an association between use of anticholinergic drugs in elderly patients and cognitive impairment. However, there are still limited data on the association of anticholinergic drug use and cognitive impairment as well as contribution of individual drugs to anticholinergic load using large, well-documented patient cohorts(More)
BACKGROUND A well-known problem in current clinical decision support systems (CDSS) is the high number of alerts, which are often medically incorrect or irrelevant. This may lead to the so-called alert fatigue, an overriding of alerts, including those that are clinically relevant, and underuse of CDSS in general. OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to(More)