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Infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS) by monocytes is a characteristic of many non-malignant disease processes, although the signals regulating such traffic are unclear. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and other inflammatory cytokines have been shown to elicit production of monocyte chemoattractant activity in glioma cells, but the regulation of such(More)
We studied the effect of interferons on the expression of class II histocompatibility (HLA-DR) antigens by cultured adult human astrocytes. Cultures were derived from brain tissue resected for surgical treatment of intractable epilepsy. Cultured astrocytes did not spontaneously display HLA-DR antigen as determined by immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry(More)
We previously reported that interleukin-4 (IL-4) inhibited proliferation of a human astrocytic cell line derived from non-neoplastic adult cortex. To determine whether this effect was receptor-associated and/or limited to only non-neoplastic astrocytes, we examined IL-4 responsiveness and receptor expression in human astrocytic cell lines derived from three(More)
Sarcoidosis, a chronic granulomatous disease of unknown cause, has been linked to several environmental risk factors, among which are some that may favor carbon nanotube formation. Using gene array data, we initially observed that bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells from sarcoidosis patients displayed elevated mRNA of the transcription factor, Twist1, among(More)
Four different human astrocytic cell lines established from either epilepsy surgical specimens or cerebral white matter obtained during thalamotomy for tremor in a patient with multiple sclerosis were characterized using morphologic analysis, ultrastructural attributes, growth characteristics, and immunocytochemical analysis. Immunocytochemical(More)
Two different human astrocytic cell lines derived from adult epilepsy surgical specimens were exposed in vitro to concentrations of 1-100 ng/ml recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha). Results indicated dose-dependent stimulation of DNA synthesis and proliferation. Both of these effects were abrogated by treatment with monoclonal antibody(More)
We established cultures of human astrocytes and astrocytoma cells from surgical specimens, to study regulation of class II major histocompatibility (MHC) complex antigen expression by interferons. Using these cultures we previously showed that expression of the class II MHC determinant HLA-DR could be induced by interferon-gamma and this induction was(More)
Little is known about the pathogenesis and subsequent cellular biologic behaviour of human cerebral vascular malformations. Innovative therapeutic strategies will depend on more fundamental understanding of structural and functional lesion biology. We have freeze-processed four specimens of arteriovenous malformation (AVM), two cavernous malformations (CM),(More)
Administration of multilamellar vesicles (MLV) encapsulating a synthetic peptide (RS-83277) derived from human C-reactive protein (CRP) augments anti-tumor activity of murine alveolar macrophages and reduces established pulmonary metastases of experimental tumors. To explore mechanisms involved in these phenomena, we investigated cytokine and integrin(More)