Barbara Oswald

Learn More
The degree of apo E sialylation in VLDL from serum of diabetics and controls was determined by densitometric scanning of the pherograms after isoelectric focusing of the VLDL proteins including treatment with neuraminidase. The distribution pattern of sialylation within the groups of patients and controls followed a Gaussian type. A significantly elevated(More)
The in vivo total body cholesterol transport of homozygous apoE-deficient (-/-) and control (+/+) mice was evaluated by compartmental analysis of plasma cholesterol decay. Body cholesterol fractional catabolic rates of chow fed mutants were less (-/-, 0.17 +/- 0.02; +/+, 0.51 +/- 0.06 day-1) and body cholesterol contents greater (-/-, 68 +/- 5; +/+, 48 +/-(More)
The uptake and internalization of a triglyceride emulsion by rat hepatocytes in culture less than 24 hr was either inhibited or uninfluenced by apoE. ApoE significantly increased the uptake of these emulsions in later cultures. Specific low density lipoprotein (LDL) binding was similar for hepatocyte monolayers prior to and after 24 hr. Rat hepatocytes in(More)
The effect of H(2)O(2) on smooth muscle heavy meromyosin (HMM) and subfragment 1 (S1) was examined. The number of molecules that retained the ability to bind ATP and the actinactivated rate of P(i) release were measured by single-turnover kinetics. H(2)O(2) treatment caused a decrease in HMM regulation from 800- to 27-fold. For unphosphorylated and(More)
Preincubation of rat visceral yolk sac with goat anti-rat placenta IgG and following incubation with 125I-HSA resulted in a reduction of the uptake of albumin by 30-50% in comparison with the controls. Inhibitors of respiration or glycolysis impair the ingestion of protein, likewise the reduction of the incubation temperature.
The nasal decongestant oxymetazoline (OMZ) exhibits anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties (I. Beck-Speier et al., J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006;316:842-851). In a follow up study, we hypothesized that OMZ generates pro-resolving lipoxins being paralleled by production of immune-modulating prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and anti-inflammatory(More)
When triolein emulsions are enriched with cholesteryl oleate they are more readily removed by primary rat hepatocytes and HepG2 cells via an apolipoprotein E-responsive pathway. The increment in the cholesteryl ester does not appreciably change the size of the emulsion or its affinity for the apo E protein. The cholesteryl ester enriched-emulsion(More)
Following clearance of plasma cholesterol-rich triacylglycerol emulsions, lower-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased minimally in chow and considerably in cholesterol-fed rats. Cholesterol-poor chylomicrons and enteral triacylglycerol produced similar lipoprotein cholesterol increases in cholesterol-fed rats indicating tissue cholesterol recruitment(More)
The plasma appearance of newly synthesized cholesterol in anhepatic laboratory diet-fed rats was 10% of the intact rat. In intact rats this cholesterol was mainly ester in lower density lipoproteins, but for anhepatic rats it was virtually only free in high density lipoprotein. Chylomicron cholesterol ester was removed much more slowly from anhepatic than(More)
The European paper wasp, Polistes dominulus Christ, is an abundant wasp species in South and Central Europe which dispersed to the north in recent times. Polistes dominulus exhibits an energy-extensive mode of life, spending much time resting at the nest, which should be reflected in adaptations regarding gas exchange and standard metabolism. We analysed(More)