Barbara Opalska

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OBJECTIVES The overall objective was to assess the role of aluminum dust and fumes in the aluminum foundry (Al-F) in generating local inflammation in the respiratory tract, which may lead to induction and elicitation of occupational asthma and fibrosis. To understand the underlying mechanisms of involving particles from foundry, a long-term study was(More)
The ultrastructure of the cardiac muscle of rats exposed 5 h daily, 5 days a week to cadmium oxide (CdO) fumes at a concentration of 0.16 mg Cd/m3 for 3 and 6 months and at a concentration of 1 mg Cd/m3 for 3 and 4 months has been evaluated. The structure of muscle cells, arterioles and capillaries remained unchanged. There were distinct alterations of the(More)
Glutaraldehyde (GA) is a biocide widely used in hospital and laboratory practice. GA is a volatile substance and, under certain circumstances, significant airborne concentrations may be generated at room temperature. Occupational exposure to GA by inhalation is suspected of causing delayed irritating effects. In recent years, GA has emerged as the main(More)
A 5-month treatment of rats with ethanol (10% solution in drinking water) stimulated aniline p-hydroxylase and the microsomal ethanol oxidizing system (MEOS) by 140 and 70%, respectively, cytochrome P-450 by 22% and accompanied by lipid peroxidation by 40% in microsomes. It also caused smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) proliferation and rough endoplasmic(More)
In two serpentinite mines and in a factory producing asphalt pavements using serpentinite, exposure to dusts and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (WWA-fraction soluble in benzene) was assessed. In rock samples taken in the serpentinite mine and in dust samples from work posts crystalline phases were determined (using X-ray radiography and spectrometry in(More)
Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT), an organometallic compound, used as an antiknock additive in fuels, may produce alveolar inflammation and bronchiolar cell injury. The aim of the experimental study on female rats was to determine by morphological examination and sensitive biomarkers, the course of the injury and repair process following a(More)
The interaction of CS2 and ethanol with microsomal monooxygenase and its biological consequences were studied in experimental model on rats exposed concurrently to CS2 (conc. 0,4-1,5 g/m3) and ethanol (10% water solution as the only drink) for 6 months. Prolonged treatment of rats with ethanol resulted in: stimulation of the activity of microsomal(More)
The effect of chronic ethanol (EtOH) administration on CS2-induced peripheral neuropathy in rats was studied. Rats were exposed to 0.8 mg/l CS2 for 12-15 months and to 10% EtOH as only drink during the last 4 months of the experiment. Some biochemical correlates of Wallerian degeneration of the peripheral nerve were estimated and ultrastructural(More)
This review focuses on the major cellular and structural changes in the airways in occupational asthma and underlines mechanisms that contribute to airflow limitation found in asthmatic patients. Asthma is characterized by thickening of the airway wall and developing of the inflammatory process, including infiltration of inflammatory cells, release of a(More)
Occupational exposure to dust silicon carbide production and exploitation of its products was evaluated. Individual dosimetry was used to measure concentrations of total and respirable dusts; concentration of respirable mineral fibres was measured by means of light microscopy; the distribution of fiber length was analysed by employing a laser FM-7400;(More)