Barbara Nowicki

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One hundred lumbar intervertebral foramina from eighteen spines of fresh cadavera were studied to assess the relationship between compression of the nerve root and the height of the intervertebral disc and the morphological characteristics of the intervertebral foramen as determined on cryomicrotome sections. The critical posterior disc height and the(More)
STUDY DESIGN A cadaveric study was done to analyze the dimensional changes in the spinal canal and intervertebral foramen of the lumber spine with flexion and extension movements. OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between flexion and extension movements and morphologic changes in the spinal canal and the intervertebral foramen. SUMMARY OF(More)
PURPOSE To measure the effect of extension, flexion, lateral bending, and axial rotation loads applied to the spine on the anatomic relationship of the spinal nerves in the neural foramen to the ligamentum flavum and the intervertebral disk, anc to determine the effect of disk degeneration on the response to loading. METHODS Cadaveric lumbar motion(More)
The hypothesis that the neural foramina in some patients are critically narrowed by axial compression of the spine has not been studied with direct imaging techniques. Frozen cadaveric motion segments of the lumbar spine (intervertebral disk and contiguous vertebrae) were imaged with computed tomography (CT). The segments were thawed and compressed in a(More)
PURPOSE To study the relationship of lumbar facet joint tropism to degeneration of the cartilage and subcortical bone in the facet joints and the effect of tropism in intervertebral disk degeneration. METHODS The orientation of 104 cadaveric lumbar facet joints with respect to sagittal plane was measured on CT scans, and the joints were classified as(More)
STUDY DESIGN Biomechanical and anatomic study of human cadaveric spinal motion segments. OBJECTIVES To measure the stiffness of spinal motion segments by disc type and by load type (flexion, extension, axial rotation, or lateral bending). To compare stiffness in motion segments with and without a high-intensity zone or radial tear in the anulus fibrosus.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of MR imaging for showing the intrinsic anatomy of a peripheral nerve. Cadaver wrist specimens that included the median nerve were imaged with MR imaging at 3 T, then sectioned, stained, and inspected grossly and microscopically. The size, shape, and signal intensity of the sheath and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the MR appearance of the mandibular canal and its contents. METHODS Cadaveric mandibles were imaged at 1.5 T and 3 T, then sectioned with a cryomicrotome. The size, shape, signal intensity, and pattern of structures in the mandibular canal were identified on MR images by comparing them with corresponding anatomic sections. RESULTS(More)
Axial and parasagittal computed tomographic (CT) scans and magnetic resonance (MR) images and exactly corresponding sections obtained with the freezing microtome in 18 human cadavers were examined to characterize the radiologic appearance of the lumbar neural forminal ligaments, which have been thought to contribute to nerve root compression. In the CT(More)
To establish the optimal thickness for Smith-Robinson anterior cervical fusion grafts, anterior C4-5 discectomy and fusions were performed on six fresh, frozen cadavers. Plain radiographs and computed tomographic scans then were employed to correlate graft placement with changes in disc space height, foraminal height, and foraminal areas after 3-, 5-, 7-,(More)