Barbara N Wiggert

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After visual-pigment bleaching, single isolated rod photoreceptors of Ambystoma tigrinum recover their sensitivity to light when supplied with 11-cis-retinal from liposomes or with 11-cis-retinal bound to interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein. Bleached rods do not recover sensitivity, or do so only very slowly, after exposure to 11-cis-retinol. The(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is an organ-specific, T lymphocyte-mediated autoimmune disease, which serves as a model for several human ocular inflammations of an apparently autoimmune nature. EAU pathology in some rodents and in monkeys can readily be induced by immunization with several different retinal proteins; however, advancing research(More)
We have identified from mouse the first mammalian beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase (beta-CD), a crucial enzyme in development and metabolism that governs the de novo entry of vitamin A from plant-derived precursors. beta-CD is related to the retinal pigment epithelium-expressed protein RPE65 and belongs to a diverse family that includes the plant(More)
Retinol decomposes rapidly into a number of products, including its aldehyde form, retinal, when introduced into buffer in phospholipid vesicles or ethanol. Interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein at low concentrations is found to protect retinol from isomerization and oxidation. The addition of alpha-tocopherol to either liposomes or an(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 is an important enzyme that degrades heme, a pro-oxidant, leading to the formation of antioxidant molecules. In this study we demonstrate by immunocytochemistry close association of heme oxygenase-1 with Alzheimer neurofibrillary pathology and with the neurofibrillary tangles found in progressive supranuclear palsy and subacute sclerosing(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of age and long-term light- or dark-rearing environments on acute, intense-light-mediated retinal degeneration. METHODS Male albino rats were maintained in a dim cyclic light environment or in darkness for as long as 1 year. When aged 2, 4, 8, and 12 months, some rats were given the synthetic antioxidant dimethylthiourea(More)
The ability of interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) to facilitate the incorporation of retinol into retinyl esters by the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) was examined in toad (Bufo marinus) eyecup preparations devoid of neural retina (RPE-eyecup). Solutions containing purified bovine IRBP and all-trans[3H]retinol were introduced into the(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) is a T cell-mediated disease that targets the neural retina and serves as a model of human uveitis. Uveitogenic effector T cells have a Th1-like phenotype (high IFN-gamma, low IL-4), and genetic susceptibility to EAU is associated with an elevated Th1 response. Here we investigate whether the ability to produce(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major agent in choroidal and retinal neovascularization, events associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), strategically located between retina and choroid, plays a critical role in retinal disorders. We have examined the effects of various(More)
PURPOSE Mice of the H-2b, H-2k, and H-2r haplotypes develop experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) after immunization with interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) of bovine or monkey origin. The purpose of this study was to identify putative pathogenic epitope(s) of IRBP and to establish their immunodominance within the IRBP molecule. (More)