Barbara N Hammack

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Proteomics combines two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and peptide mass fingerprinting and can potentially identify a protein(s) unique to disease. Such proteins can be used either for diagnosis or may be relevant to the pathogenesis of disease. Because patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have increased amounts of immunoglobulin (Ig) G in their(More)
Limited analyses of cerebrospinal fluid from patients with central nervous system infections have shown that the oligoclonal IgG is antibody directed against the agent that causes disease. Using a new method involving binding of IgG to beads coated with lysates prepared from candidate infectious antigens, we showed that the oligoclonal IgG in cerebrospinal(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and peptide mass fingerprinting were used to identify proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pooled from three patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in CSF pooled from three patients with non-MS inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Resolution of CSF proteins on three pH gradients (3-10, 4-7 and 6-11)(More)
In previous work, heme ligation effects on the folding of cytochrome c have been attributed to histidine side-chains. A variant of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c designated TM, which lacks all histidine residues except His18, still shows evidence of denatured state heme ligation in the pH range between 5 and 6 where normally only histidine ligation is expected.(More)
The changes in the free energy of the denatured state of a set of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c variants with single surface histidine residues have been measured in 3 M guanidine hydrochloride. The thermodynamics of unfolding by guanidine hydrochloride is also reported. All variants have decreased stability relative to the wild-type protein. The free energy of(More)
A set of nine variants of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c with zero or one surface histidine have been engineered such that the N-terminal amino group is acetylated in vivo. N-terminal acetylation has been confirmed by mass spectral analysis of intact and proteolytically digested protein. The histidine-heme loop-forming equilibrium, under denaturing conditions (3(More)
BACKGROUND Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a complication of shingles (herpes zoster), a painful rash due to varicella-zoster virus reactivation. Studies of patients with PHN and zoster sine herpete (radicular pain without rash) support the notion that low-grade viral ganglionitis contributes to pain. If chronic pain reflects active infection, then(More)
A double mutant cycle has been used to evaluate interaction energies between the global stabilizer mutation asparagine 52 --> isoleucine (N52I) in iso-1-cytochrome c and mutations producing single surface histidines at positions 26, 33, 39, 54, 73, 89, and 100. These histidine mutation sites are distributed through the four cooperative folding units of(More)
Hydrophilic to hydrophobic mutations have been made at 11 solvent exposed sites on the surface of iso-1-cytochrome c. Most of these mutations involve the replacement of lysine with methionine, which is nearly isosteric with lysine. Minimal perturbation to the native structure is expected, and this expectation is confirmed by infrared amide I spectroscopy.(More)
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